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News articles about "Spectrum"

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Genetic approach helps design broadband metamaterial

A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More

Is FDA's Crackdown on Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing a Violation of the First Amendment?

medical treatment Some critics of this decision are arguing that the agency is disallowing advertising “commercial speech” as well as interfering with an individual’s right to receive information both of which are protected under the ... - Read More

Taking the lead out of a promising solar cell: Environmentally friendly solar cell pushes forward the 'next big thing in photovoltaics'

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light The low cost environmentally friendly solar cell can ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Probing dopant distribution: Opening the door to better doping of semiconductor nanocrystals

The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface One method of altering the electrical properties of ... - Read More

MRI-guided biopsy for brain cancer improves diagnosis

Neurosurgeons at UC San Diego Heath System have for the first time combined real time magnetic resonance imaging MRI technology with novel non invasive cellular mapping techniques to develop a new biopsy approach that increases ... - Read More

Surface modification of titanium dioxide for photocatalytic degradation of hazardous pollutants under ordinary visible light

UiTM researchers have developed a modified photocatalyst which is economical and effective at transforming organic pollutants into harmless end products Photocatalytic degradation is one of the highly effective applications in transforming organic pollutants to harmless ... - Read More

New window into quantum physics opened with superconductivity in LEDs

A team of University of Toronto physicists led by Alex Hayat has proposed a novel and efficient way to leverage the strange quantum physics phenomenon known as entanglement The approach would involve combining light emitting ... - Read More

Why did humans replace Neanderthals? Paleo diet didn't change, the climate did

Why were Neanderthals replaced by anatomically modern humans around 40 000 years ago One popular hypothesis states that a broader dietary spectrum of modern humans gave them a competitive advantage on Neanderthals Geochemical analyses of ... - Read More

Thermal vision: Graphene light detector first to span infrared spectrum

The first room temperature light detector that can sense the full infrared spectrum has the potential to put heat vision technology into a contact lens Unlike comparable mid and far infrared detectors currently on the ... - Read More

Heat-based technique offers new way to measure microscopic particles

Researchers have developed a new heat based technique for counting and measuring the size of microscopic particles The technique is less expensive than light based techniques and can be used on a wider array of ... - Read More

Nanoscale optical switch breaks miniaturization barrier

An ultra fast and ultra small optical switch has been invented that could advance the day when photons replace electrons in the innards of consumer products ranging from cell phones to automobiles The new optical ... - Read More

Promising news for producing fuels through artificial photosynthesis

There's promising news from the front on efforts to produce fuels through artificial photosynthesis A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis JCAP shows that nearly 90 percent of ... - Read More

A new renewable energy source? Device captures energy from Earth's infrared emissions to outer space

When the sun sets on a remote desert outpost and solar panels shut down what energy source will provide power through the night A battery perhaps or an old diesel generator Perhaps something strange and ... - Read More

Imaging dynamics of small biomolecules inside live cells

Researchers at Columbia University have made a significant step toward visualizing small biomolecules inside living biological systems with minimum disturbance a longstanding goal in the scientific community In a study published March 2nd in Nature ... - Read More

First step towards 'programmable materials': Sheet metal that never rattles

Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich have succeeded in producing a prototype of a vibration damping material that could change the world of mechanics forever The material of the future is not only able to ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

New horizons in radiotherapy?

Targeted radiation therapy that is less harmful to healthy cells could see the light of day thanks to a team of French researchers from the Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Matière et Rayonnement CNRS UPMC working ... - Read More
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