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News articles about "Spectrum"

Solar energy gets a boost: 'Singlet fission' can increase solar cell efficiency by as much as 30 percent

A perspective article published last month by University of California Riverside chemists in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters was selected as an Editors Choice an honor only a handful of research papers receive The ... - Read More

Researchers discover boron 'buckyball'

The discovery 30 years ago of soccer ball shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research Now there appears to be a new ball on the pitch Researchers from Brown ... - Read More

Directly visualizing hydrogen bonds

Using a newly developed ultrafast femtosecond infrared light source chemists at the University of Chicago have been able to directly visualize the coordinated vibrations between hydrogen bonded molecules the first time this sort of chemical ... - Read More

Algae as chemical raw materials

Chemists and biologists at the University of Konstanz have succeeded in transforming algae oil into high quality chemical raw materials via so called isomerizing alkoxycarbonylation This provides the foundation for the use of algae as ... - Read More

Nano world: Where towers construct themselves

Imagine a tower builds itself into the desired structure only by choosing the appropriate bricks Absurd and however in the nano world this is reality There an unordered crowd of components can initiate the formation ... - Read More

Vanishing da Vinci: Nondestructive way to determine state of degradation of ancient works of art

One of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpieces drawn in red chalk on paper during the early 1500s and widely believed to be a self portrait is in extremely poor condition Centuries of exposure to humid storage ... - Read More

Proteins 'ring like bells': Quantum mechanics and biochemical reactions

As far back as 1948 Erwin Schrödinger the inventor of modern quantum mechanics published the book What is life In it he suggested that quantum mechanics and coherent ringing might be at the basis of ... - Read More

Novel laser system mimics sunlight to test solar cell efficiency

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a laser based instrument that generates artificial sunlight to help test solar cell properties and find ways to boost their efficiency The novel ... - Read More

Advanced light: Sending entangled beams through fast-light materials

Michael Lewis's bestselling book Flash Boys describes how some brokers engaging in high frequency trading exploit fast telecommunications to gain fraction of a second advantage in the buying and selling of stocks But you don't ... - Read More

New 'T-ray' tech converts light to sound for weapons detection, medical imaging

A device that essentially listens for light waves could help open up the last frontier of the electromagnetic spectrum the terahertz range So called T rays which are light waves too long for human eyes ... - Read More

Cameras and displays: Organic photodiodes for sensor applications

Powerful inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon based photodetectors They are used to improve light sensitivity in cameras and to check displays for homogeneous ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Genetic approach helps design broadband metamaterial

A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More

Is FDA's Crackdown on Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing a Violation of the First Amendment?

medical treatment Some critics of this decision are arguing that the agency is disallowing advertising “commercial speech” as well as interfering with an individual’s right to receive information both of which are protected under the ... - Read More

Taking the lead out of a promising solar cell: Environmentally friendly solar cell pushes forward the 'next big thing in photovoltaics'

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light The low cost environmentally friendly solar cell can ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Probing dopant distribution: Opening the door to better doping of semiconductor nanocrystals

The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface One method of altering the electrical properties of ... - Read More

MRI-guided biopsy for brain cancer improves diagnosis

Neurosurgeons at UC San Diego Heath System have for the first time combined real time magnetic resonance imaging MRI technology with novel non invasive cellular mapping techniques to develop a new biopsy approach that increases ... - Read More

Surface modification of titanium dioxide for photocatalytic degradation of hazardous pollutants under ordinary visible light

UiTM researchers have developed a modified photocatalyst which is economical and effective at transforming organic pollutants into harmless end products Photocatalytic degradation is one of the highly effective applications in transforming organic pollutants to harmless ... - Read More

New window into quantum physics opened with superconductivity in LEDs

A team of University of Toronto physicists led by Alex Hayat has proposed a novel and efficient way to leverage the strange quantum physics phenomenon known as entanglement The approach would involve combining light emitting ... - Read More
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