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News articles about "Silicon"

Nanomaterials: Sized-up for strength

Experiments and numerical simulations show that miniaturized ultra small platinum cylinders weaken when their constituents are reduced in number Miniaturizing microscopic metallic objects while enhancing their strength is critical to developing high performance devices that ... - Read More

Seemingly competitive co-catalysts cooperate to accelerate chemical reaction

A new computationally inspired approach has led a team of Boston College chemists to re conceptualize a highly valued catalytic process dramatically increasing the efficiency of a chemical transformation that selectively produces chiral or handed ... - Read More

Plasmonic black metals: Breakthrough in solar energy research?

Metals, Solar energy
The use of plasmonic black metals could someday provide a pathway to more efficient photovoltaics PV the use of solar panels containing photovoltaic solar cells to improve solar energy harvesting according to researchers at Lawrence ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Researchers get better metrics on laser potential of key material

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed more accurate measurements of how efficiently a polymer called MEH PPV amplifies light which should advance efforts to develop a new generation of lasers and photonic devices ... - Read More

Researchers put squeeze on cells to deliver

cells, cells
Imagine being able to redirect powerful immune cells to fight cancer How about reprogramming a diabetic's skin cell into a cell that could manufacture the insulin their pancreas no longer produces Could we dial down ... - Read More

Two-in-one solution for low cost polymer LEDs and solar cells

Solution, Polymer
Considerable improvement in device performance of polymer based optoelectronic devices is reported today by researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea The new plasmonic material can be applied to both ... - Read More

Trapping T-rays for better security scanners

Structure, Structure
Medical diagnostic and security scanners with higher sensitivity could result from University of Adelaide research into detecting T rays terahertz waves Published in the journal Advanced Optical Materials the researchers describe a novel structure which ... - Read More

Graphene on its way to conquer Silicon Valley

Silicon
The unique properties of graphene such as its incredible strength and at the same time its little weight have raised high expectations in modern material science Graphene a two dimensional crystal of carbon atoms packed ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Radically better smarphones may be possible using system inspired by bird migration: Molecular chains hypersensitive to magnetic fields

System
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More

Graphene provides efficient electronics cooling

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
A layer of graphene can reduce the working temperature in hotspots inside a processor by up to 25 percent which can significantly extend the working life of computers and other electronics An international group of ... - Read More

Working backward: Computer-aided design of zeolite templates

Zeolite
aking a page from computer aided drug designers Rice University researchers have developed a computational method that chemists can use to tailor the properties of zeolites one of the world's most used industrial minerals The ... - Read More

Polymer-coated catalyst protects 'artificial leaf'

Catalyst, Polymer
Due to the fluctuating availability of solar energy storage solutions are urgently needed One option is to use the electrical energy generated inside solar cells to split water by means of electrolysis in the process ... - Read More

Unzipped nanotubes unlock potential for batteries

Battery
Researchers at Rice University have come up with a new way to boost the efficiency of the ubiquitous lithium ion LI battery by employing ribbons of graphene that start as carbon nanotubes Proof of concept ... - Read More

Silicon-based nanoparticles could make LEDs cheaper, greener to produce

Silicon-based, Silicon
Light emitting diodes or LEDs are the most efficient and environmentally friendly light bulbs on the market But they come at a higher up front price than other bulbs especially the ones with warmer and ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

Cameras five times more sensitive to light? An ultrasensitive molybdenum-based image sensor developed

Image sensor
A new material has the potential to improve the sensitivity of photographic image sensors by a factor of five In 2011 an EPFL team led by Andras Kis discovered the amazing semi conducting properties of ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

World's first large(wafer)-scale production of III-V semiconductor nanowire

Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Semiconductor
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea and University of Illinois U S A developed the large scale heteroepitaxial growth III V nanowires on a Si wafer The research team ... - Read More
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