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News articles about "Silicon"

Trapping T-rays for better security scanners

Structure, Structure
Medical diagnostic and security scanners with higher sensitivity could result from University of Adelaide research into detecting T rays terahertz waves Published in the journal Advanced Optical Materials the researchers describe a novel structure which ... - Read More

Graphene on its way to conquer Silicon Valley

Silicon
The unique properties of graphene such as its incredible strength and at the same time its little weight have raised high expectations in modern material science Graphene a two dimensional crystal of carbon atoms packed ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Radically better smarphones may be possible using system inspired by bird migration: Molecular chains hypersensitive to magnetic fields

System
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More

Graphene provides efficient electronics cooling

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
A layer of graphene can reduce the working temperature in hotspots inside a processor by up to 25 percent which can significantly extend the working life of computers and other electronics An international group of ... - Read More

Working backward: Computer-aided design of zeolite templates

Zeolite
aking a page from computer aided drug designers Rice University researchers have developed a computational method that chemists can use to tailor the properties of zeolites one of the world's most used industrial minerals The ... - Read More

Polymer-coated catalyst protects 'artificial leaf'

Catalyst, Polymer
Due to the fluctuating availability of solar energy storage solutions are urgently needed One option is to use the electrical energy generated inside solar cells to split water by means of electrolysis in the process ... - Read More

Unzipped nanotubes unlock potential for batteries

Battery
Researchers at Rice University have come up with a new way to boost the efficiency of the ubiquitous lithium ion LI battery by employing ribbons of graphene that start as carbon nanotubes Proof of concept ... - Read More

Silicon-based nanoparticles could make LEDs cheaper, greener to produce

Silicon-based, Silicon
Light emitting diodes or LEDs are the most efficient and environmentally friendly light bulbs on the market But they come at a higher up front price than other bulbs especially the ones with warmer and ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

Cameras five times more sensitive to light? An ultrasensitive molybdenum-based image sensor developed

Image sensor
A new material has the potential to improve the sensitivity of photographic image sensors by a factor of five In 2011 an EPFL team led by Andras Kis discovered the amazing semi conducting properties of ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

World's first large(wafer)-scale production of III-V semiconductor nanowire

Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Semiconductor
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea and University of Illinois U S A developed the large scale heteroepitaxial growth III V nanowires on a Si wafer The research team ... - Read More

The body electric: Researchers move closer to low-cost, implantable electronics, study suggests

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
New technology under development at The Ohio State University is paving the way for low cost electronic devices that work in direct contact with living tissue inside the body The first planned use of the ... - Read More

Promising material for lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries
Laptops could work longer and electric cars could drive farther if it were possible to further increase the capacity of their lithium ion batteries The electrode material has a decisive influence on a battery's capacity ... - Read More

Scientists create novel silicon electrodes that improve lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries, Silicon
Stanford University scientists have dramatically improved the performance of lithium ion batteries by creating novel electrodes made of silicon and conducting polymer hydrogel a spongy material similar to that used in contact lenses and other ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Brittle material toughened: Tungsten-fiber-reinforced tungsten

Material, Material
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of the vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma it being the metal with the highest melting point A disadvantage however is its brittleness which under ... - Read More

Quest for quantum computing advanced

Research teams from UW Milwaukee and the University of York investigating the properties of ultra thin films of new materials are helping bring quantum computing one step closer to reality An on going collaboration between ... - Read More
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