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News articles about "Silicon"

Explanation for strange magnetic behavior at semiconductor interfaces

They're not exactly the peanut butter and jelly of semiconductors but when you put them together something magical happens Alone neither lanthanum aluminate nor strontium titanate exhibit any particularly notable properties But when they are ... - Read More

Pass the salt: Common condiment could enable new high-tech industry -- silicon nanostructures

Salt, Nanostructures, Silicon
Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to ... - Read More

Regulating electron 'spin' may be key to making organic solar cells competitive

cells, cells
Organic solar cells a new class of solar cell that mimics the natural process of plant photosynthesis could revolutionise renewable energy but currently lack the efficiency to compete with the more costly commercial silicon cells ... - Read More

Plastic solar cells' new design promises bright future

Plastic, Plastic, cells, cells
Energy consumption is growing rapidly in the 21st century with rising energy costs and sustainability issues greatly impacting the quality of human life Harvesting energy directly from sunlight to generate electricity using photovoltaic technologies is ... - Read More

Tiny, brightly shining silicon crystals could be safe for deep-tissue imaging

Crystals, Silicon
Tiny silicon crystals caused no health problems in monkeys three months after large doses were injected marking a step forward in the quest to bring such materials into clinics as biomedical imaging agents according to ... - Read More

Nanomaterials: Sized-up for strength

Experiments and numerical simulations show that miniaturized ultra small platinum cylinders weaken when their constituents are reduced in number Miniaturizing microscopic metallic objects while enhancing their strength is critical to developing high performance devices that ... - Read More

Seemingly competitive co-catalysts cooperate to accelerate chemical reaction

A new computationally inspired approach has led a team of Boston College chemists to re conceptualize a highly valued catalytic process dramatically increasing the efficiency of a chemical transformation that selectively produces chiral or handed ... - Read More

Plasmonic black metals: Breakthrough in solar energy research?

Metals, Solar energy
The use of plasmonic black metals could someday provide a pathway to more efficient photovoltaics PV the use of solar panels containing photovoltaic solar cells to improve solar energy harvesting according to researchers at Lawrence ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Researchers get better metrics on laser potential of key material

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed more accurate measurements of how efficiently a polymer called MEH PPV amplifies light which should advance efforts to develop a new generation of lasers and photonic devices ... - Read More

Researchers put squeeze on cells to deliver

cells, cells
Imagine being able to redirect powerful immune cells to fight cancer How about reprogramming a diabetic's skin cell into a cell that could manufacture the insulin their pancreas no longer produces Could we dial down ... - Read More

Two-in-one solution for low cost polymer LEDs and solar cells

Solution, Polymer
Considerable improvement in device performance of polymer based optoelectronic devices is reported today by researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea The new plasmonic material can be applied to both ... - Read More

Trapping T-rays for better security scanners

Structure, Structure
Medical diagnostic and security scanners with higher sensitivity could result from University of Adelaide research into detecting T rays terahertz waves Published in the journal Advanced Optical Materials the researchers describe a novel structure which ... - Read More

Graphene on its way to conquer Silicon Valley

Silicon
The unique properties of graphene such as its incredible strength and at the same time its little weight have raised high expectations in modern material science Graphene a two dimensional crystal of carbon atoms packed ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Radically better smarphones may be possible using system inspired by bird migration: Molecular chains hypersensitive to magnetic fields

System
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More

Graphene provides efficient electronics cooling

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
A layer of graphene can reduce the working temperature in hotspots inside a processor by up to 25 percent which can significantly extend the working life of computers and other electronics An international group of ... - Read More

Working backward: Computer-aided design of zeolite templates

Zeolite
aking a page from computer aided drug designers Rice University researchers have developed a computational method that chemists can use to tailor the properties of zeolites one of the world's most used industrial minerals The ... - Read More

Polymer-coated catalyst protects 'artificial leaf'

Catalyst, Polymer
Due to the fluctuating availability of solar energy storage solutions are urgently needed One option is to use the electrical energy generated inside solar cells to split water by means of electrolysis in the process ... - Read More

Unzipped nanotubes unlock potential for batteries

Battery
Researchers at Rice University have come up with a new way to boost the efficiency of the ubiquitous lithium ion LI battery by employing ribbons of graphene that start as carbon nanotubes Proof of concept ... - Read More
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