Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a laser based instrument that generates artificial sunlight to help test solar cell properties and find ways to boost their efficiency The novel ... - Read More
Researchers around the world are trying to develop solar driven generators that can split water yielding hydrogen gas that could be used as clean fuel Such a device requires efficient light absorbing materials that attract ... - Read More
Solar panels made in China have a higher overall carbon footprint and are likely to use substantially more energy during manufacturing than those made in Europe said a new study from Northwestern University and the ... - Read More
Silicon panel based technology requires a very costly contaminating manufacturing process while organic photovoltaic OPV devices have been positioned as one of the most attractive alternatives as a source of solar energy This research has ... - Read More
A chip scale device that both produces and detects a specialized gas used in biomedical analysis and medical imaging has been built and demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Described in ... - Read More
Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Tokyo have created electronic devices that become soft when implanted inside the body and can deploy to grip 3 D objects such as ... - Read More
Using a material found in Silly Putty and surgical tubing a group of researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a new way to make lithium ion batteries that ... - Read More
Powerful inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon based photodetectors They are used to improve light sensitivity in cameras and to check displays for homogeneous ... - Read More
Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More
Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More
For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More
Heat flow in novel nanomaterials could help in creating environmentally friendly and cost effective nanometric scale energy devices Physicists are now designing novel materials with physical properties tailored to meet specific energy consumption needs Before ... - Read More
Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More
A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More
A University of Arizona led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene more commonly known as pencil 'lead' with an electric field an important step toward the possible use ... - Read More
The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More
An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More
Fiber optics increased the speed and quantity of information that can be transmitted through the Internet by transforming electrical signals into pulsating light The same can be done within laptops and other devices by using ... - Read More
Stanford scientists have developed faster more energy efficient microchips based on the human brain 9 000 times faster and using significantly less power than a typical PC This offers greater possibilities for advances in robotics ... - Read More
A landmark experiment on wave interference from the early 1800s is revisited using gold nanoparticles In the eighteenth century scientists faced a conundrum is light a wave or a particle One of strongest pieces of ... - Read More
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