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News articles about "Silicon"

Heat-based technique offers new way to measure microscopic particles

Researchers have developed a new heat based technique for counting and measuring the size of microscopic particles The technique is less expensive than light based techniques and can be used on a wider array of ... - Read More

Scientists build thinnest-possible LEDs to be stronger, more energy efficient

Most modern electronics from flat screen TVs and smartphones to wearable technologies and computer monitors use tiny light emitting diodes or LEDs These LEDs are based off of semiconductors that emit light with the movement ... - Read More

Two-dimensional material shows promise for optoelectronics: LEDs, photovoltaic cells, and light detectors

A team of MIT researchers has used a novel material that's just a few atoms thick to create devices that can harness or emit light This proof of concept could lead to ultrathin lightweight and ... - Read More

Ultra sensitive detection of radio waves with lasers

Radio waves are used for many measurements and applications for example in communication with mobile phones MRI scans scientific experiments and cosmic observations But 'noise' in the detector of the measuring instrument limits how sensitive ... - Read More

Transparent, color solar cells fuse energy, beauty

Colorful see through solar cells invented at the University of Michigan could one day be used to make stained glass windows decorations and even shades that turn the sun's energy into electricity The cells believed ... - Read More

Hydrocephalus: Sensors monitor cerebral pressure

Pressure
If the pressure in a patient's brain is too high physicians implant a system in the head that regulates the pressure A sensor can now measure and individually adjust brain pressure The sensor system is ... - Read More

Energy storage in miniaturized capacitors may boost green energy technology

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

Weighing particles at the attogram scale

System
MIT engineers have devised a way to measure the mass of particles with a resolution better than an attogram one millionth of a trillionth of a gram Weighing these tiny particles including both synthetic nanoparticles ... - Read More

Engineers make world's fastest organic transistor, herald new generation of see-through electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Teams from Stanford and the University of Nebraska Lincoln collaborate to make thin transparent semiconductors that could become the foundation for cheap high performance displays Two university research teams have worked together to produce the ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Low-power tunneling transistor for high-performance devices at low voltage

Applications
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More

Revolutionizing solar energy: Quantum waves found at the heart of organic solar cells

Solar energy
Researchers have been able to tune ‘coherence’ in organic nanostructures due to the surprise discovery of wavelike electrons in organic materials revealing the key to generating “long lived charges” in organic solar cells material that ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More

Pioneering path to electrical conductivity in 'Tinker Toy' material (MOF)

Conductivity
Sandia National Laboratories researchers have devised a novel way to realize electrical conductivity in metal organic framework MOF materials a development that could have profound implications for the future of electronics sensors energy conversion and ... - Read More

Solar cell degradation observed directly for the first time

Time
With the help of DESY's X ray light source PETRA III researchers of Technische Universität München have for the first time watched organic solar cells degrade in real time This work could open new approaches ... - Read More

World's highest quantum efficiency UV photodetectors created

Quantum, Quantum
Researchers from Northwestern University's McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science have developed the world's highest quantum efficiency ultraviolet UV photodetector an advance in technology that could aid in the detection of missiles and chemical ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More

How water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule

Molecule, molecule
Scientists from Rice University and the University of Bremen's Center for Marine Environmental Sciences MARUM in Germany have combined cutting edge experimental techniques and computer simulations to find a new way of predicting how water ... - Read More

Diagnostic imaging: New chip provides better all-round performance

Applications, Applications
Small optical devices are important for diagnostic imaging in the body they serve for example as optical probes in blood vessels or the gastrointestinal tract For accurate diagnosis such applications require a 360 degree view ... - Read More
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