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News articles about "Silicon"

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More

Nanoparticles give up forensic secrets

A group of researchers from Switzerland has thrown light on the precise mechanisms responsible for the impressive ability of nanoparticles to detect fingermarks left at crime scenes Publishing their results today 2 October in IOP ... - Read More

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More

New species of electrons can lead to better computing

In a research paper published this week in Science the collaboration led by MIT's theory professor Leonid Levitov and Manchester's Nobel laureate Sir Andre Geim report a material in which electrons move at a controllable ... - Read More

Moving silicon atoms in graphene with atomic precision

Richard Feynman famously posed the question in 1959 is it possible to see and manipulate individual atoms in materials For a time his vision seemed more science fiction than science but starting with groundbreaking experiments ... - Read More

Excitonic dark states shed light on TMDC atomic layers: New promise for nanoelectronic and photonic applications

A team of Berkeley Lab researchers believes it has uncovered the secret behind the unusual optoelectronic properties of single atomic layers of transition metal dichalcogenide TMDC materials the two dimensional semiconductors that hold great promise ... - Read More

Scientists fabricate single-photon sources in solid matter

A breakthrough in quantum information processing was achieved using state of the art diamond growth technology A research group led by Junichi Isoya professor emeritus University of Tsukuba and Tokuyuki Teraji principal researcher Optical and ... - Read More

Doped graphene nanoribbons with potential

Graphene possesses many outstanding properties it conducts heat and electricity it is transparent harder than diamond and extremely strong But in order to use it to construct electronic switches a material must not only be ... - Read More

Phosphorus a promising semiconductor: Physicists find 2-D form pays no heed to defects

Defects damage the ideal properties of many two dimensional materials like carbon based graphene Phosphorus just shrugs That makes it a promising candidate for nano electronic applications that require stable properties according to new research ... - Read More

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

Looking deep inside a working lithium-ion battery

For the first time researchers have been able to open a kind of window into the inner workings of a lithium ion battery Using a neutron beam chemists and engineers at The Ohio State University ... - Read More

Declining levels of acidity in Sierra Nevada lakes, study concludes

California's water supply depends on a clean snow pack and healthy mountain lakes The lakes receive a large amount of runoff in the spring from the melting snowpack If the snowpack is polluted the lakes ... - Read More

Breakthrough for carbon nanotube solar cells: Twice as efficient as current models

Lighter more flexible and cheaper than conventional solar cell materials carbon nanotubes CNTs have long shown promise for photovoltaics But research stalled when CNTs proved to be inefficient converting far less sunlight into power than ... - Read More

Atomically thin material opens door for integrated nanophotonic circuits

A new combination of materials can efficiently guide electricity and light along the same tiny wire a finding that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed ... - Read More

Atomically Thin Material Gets Excited From Afar, Opening a Door for Integrated Nanophotonic Circuits

Released 4 Sep 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Rochester more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Optica DMR 1309734 DE FG02 05ER46207 DGE 0966089Sep 5 ... - Read More

New analytical technology reveals 'nanomechanical' surface traits

A new research platform uses a laser to measure the nanomechanical properties of tiny structures undergoing stress and heating an approach likely to yield insights to improve designs for microelectronics and batteries This new technique ... - Read More

Major step toward optical computing: Non-metallic metamaterial used to 'compress' and contain light

The invention of fibre optics revolutionized the way we share information allowing us to transmit data at volumes and speeds we'd only previously dreamed of Now electrical engineering researchers at the University of Alberta are ... - Read More

Simpler process to grow germanium nanowires could improve lithium-ion batteries

Researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have developed what they call a simple one step method to grow nanowires of germanium from an aqueous solution Their process could make it more feasible to ... - Read More

A crystal wedding in the nanocosmos may lead to fast multi-functional processing units on single chip

Researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR the Vienna University of Technology and the Maria Curie Skłodowska University Lublin have succeeded in embedding nearly perfect semiconductor crystals into a silicon nanowire With this new ... - Read More
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