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News articles about "Silicon"

Quantum mechanisms of organic devices for alternative solar panels are revealed

Silicon panel based technology requires a very costly contaminating manufacturing process while organic photovoltaic OPV devices have been positioned as one of the most attractive alternatives as a source of solar energy This research has ... - Read More

Chip produces and detects specialized gas for biomedical analysis

A chip scale device that both produces and detects a specialized gas used in biomedical analysis and medical imaging has been built and demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Described in ... - Read More

New implanted devices may reshape medicine: Researchers create transistors that wrap around tissues

Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Tokyo have created electronic devices that become soft when implanted inside the body and can deploy to grip 3 D objects such as ... - Read More

Silly Putty material inspires better batteries: Silicon dioxide used to make lithium-ion batteries that last three times longer

Using a material found in Silly Putty and surgical tubing a group of researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a new way to make lithium ion batteries that ... - Read More

Cameras and displays: Organic photodiodes for sensor applications

Powerful inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon based photodetectors They are used to improve light sensitivity in cameras and to check displays for homogeneous ... - Read More

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

Making it big: Metamaterial applications a step closer to reality

Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Nanoscale heat flow predictions: Environmentally-friendly and cost-effective nanometric-scale energy devices

Heat flow in novel nanomaterials could help in creating environmentally friendly and cost effective nanometric scale energy devices Physicists are now designing novel materials with physical properties tailored to meet specific energy consumption needs Before ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Genetic approach helps design broadband metamaterial

A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More

Playing pool with carbon atoms: How to change the crystal structure of graphene

A University of Arizona led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene more commonly known as pencil 'lead' with an electric field an important step toward the possible use ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

Bringing fiber optics to electronic components

Fiber optics increased the speed and quantity of information that can be transmitted through the Internet by transforming electrical signals into pulsating light The same can be done within laptops and other devices by using ... - Read More

Scientists create circuit board modeled on the human brain

Stanford scientists have developed faster more energy efficient microchips based on the human brain 9 000 times faster and using significantly less power than a typical PC This offers greater possibilities for advances in robotics ... - Read More

A modern twist on Young's slits

A landmark experiment on wave interference from the early 1800s is revisited using gold nanoparticles In the eighteenth century scientists faced a conundrum is light a wave or a particle One of strongest pieces of ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Mathematical equation that explains the behavior of nanofoams

A research study participated in by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M has discovered that nanometric size foam structures follow the same universal laws as does soap lather small bubbles disappear in favor of the ... - Read More

Tiny transistors for extreme environs: Engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation

University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor Such transistors someday might enable smartphones that take and collect medical X ... - Read More
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