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News articles about "Silicon"

Bolstering batteries with nanotubes

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL are turning to extremely tiny tubes and rods to boost power and durability in lithium ion batteries the energy sources for cell phones laptops and ... - Read More

Lopwood, brushwood make high-grade charcoal

When the forestry machines have finished extracting timber what is left are tops and branches waste which cannot be used However according to researchers it is possible to turn these heaps of lopwood into high ... - Read More

Formation of organic thin-film transistors through room-temperature printing

Japanese researchers have established a process for forming organic thin film transistors TFTs conducting the entire printing process at room temperature under ambient atmospheric conditions Printed electronics the field in which electronic devices are produced ... - Read More

Antibodies from desert as guides to diseased cells

The use of nanoparticles in cancer research is considered as a promising approach in detecting and fighting tumor cells The method has however often failed because the human immune system recognizes the particles as foreign ... - Read More

Breakthrough for information technology using Heusler materials: May lead to very high performance spintronic components

It is the breakthrough that physicists and chemists around the world have long anticipated and it will play a pivotal role in information technology in coming years Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have ... - Read More

Charging portable electronics in 10 minutes: New architecture for lithium-ion battery anodes far outperform the current standard

Researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a three dimensional silicon decorated cone shaped carbon nanotube cluster architecture for lithium ion battery anodes that could enable charging of portable ... - Read More

Chemical sensor on a chip created to test chemical composition of liquids

Using miniaturized laser technology a tiny sensor has been built at the Vienna University of Technology which can test the chemical composition of liquids They are invisible but perfectly suited for analyzing liquids and gases ... - Read More

Optical invisibility cloak built for diffusive media (like fog or milk)

Real invisibility cloaks are rather complex and work in certain situations only The laws of physics prevent an optical invisibility cloak from making objects in air invisible for any directions colors and polarizations If the ... - Read More

Just add water: 3-D silicon shapes fold themselves when wetted by microscopic droplets

Researchers from the University of Twente in the Netherlands have taken the precise art of origami down to the microscopic scale Using only a drop of water the scientists have folded flat sheets of silicon ... - Read More

Novel laser system mimics sunlight to test solar cell efficiency

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a laser based instrument that generates artificial sunlight to help test solar cell properties and find ways to boost their efficiency The novel ... - Read More

Common semiconductors stabilized for solar fuels generation

Researchers around the world are trying to develop solar driven generators that can split water yielding hydrogen gas that could be used as clean fuel Such a device requires efficient light absorbing materials that attract ... - Read More

Solar panel manufacturing is greener in Europe than China, study says

Solar panels made in China have a higher overall carbon footprint and are likely to use substantially more energy during manufacturing than those made in Europe said a new study from Northwestern University and the ... - Read More

Quantum mechanisms of organic devices for alternative solar panels are revealed

Silicon panel based technology requires a very costly contaminating manufacturing process while organic photovoltaic OPV devices have been positioned as one of the most attractive alternatives as a source of solar energy This research has ... - Read More

Chip produces and detects specialized gas for biomedical analysis

A chip scale device that both produces and detects a specialized gas used in biomedical analysis and medical imaging has been built and demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Described in ... - Read More

New implanted devices may reshape medicine: Researchers create transistors that wrap around tissues

Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Tokyo have created electronic devices that become soft when implanted inside the body and can deploy to grip 3 D objects such as ... - Read More

Silly Putty material inspires better batteries: Silicon dioxide used to make lithium-ion batteries that last three times longer

Using a material found in Silly Putty and surgical tubing a group of researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a new way to make lithium ion batteries that ... - Read More

Cameras and displays: Organic photodiodes for sensor applications

Powerful inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon based photodetectors They are used to improve light sensitivity in cameras and to check displays for homogeneous ... - Read More

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

Making it big: Metamaterial applications a step closer to reality

Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More
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