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News articles about "Silicon"

A modern twist on Young's slits

A landmark experiment on wave interference from the early 1800s is revisited using gold nanoparticles In the eighteenth century scientists faced a conundrum is light a wave or a particle One of strongest pieces of ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Mathematical equation that explains the behavior of nanofoams

A research study participated in by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M has discovered that nanometric size foam structures follow the same universal laws as does soap lather small bubbles disappear in favor of the ... - Read More

Tiny transistors for extreme environs: Engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation

University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor Such transistors someday might enable smartphones that take and collect medical X ... - Read More

Nanotube composites greatly increase efficiency of next generation of solar cells

Carbon nanotubes are becoming increasingly attractive for photovoltaic solar cells as a replacement to silicon Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that controlled placement of the carbon nanotubes into nano structures produces a ... - Read More

High-strength materials from the pressure cooker: New materials made quickly and in eco-friendly manner

A Surprise in Materials Chemistry At Vienna University of Technology materials for lightweight construction protective clothing or sports equipment can be produced at high temperatures and high pressures This process is faster better and more ... - Read More

Flexible electronics: Flexible carbon nanotube circuits more reliable and power efficient

Engineers would love to create flexible electronic devices such as e readers that could be folded to fit into a pocket One approach they are trying involves designing circuits based on electronic fibers known as ... - Read More

Toward 'vanishing' electronics and unlocking nanomaterials' power potential

Brain sensors and electronic tags that dissolve Boosting the potential of renewable energy sources These are examples of the latest research from two pioneering scientists selected as this year's Kavli lecturers at the 247th National ... - Read More

Heat-based technique offers new way to measure microscopic particles

Researchers have developed a new heat based technique for counting and measuring the size of microscopic particles The technique is less expensive than light based techniques and can be used on a wider array of ... - Read More

Scientists build thinnest-possible LEDs to be stronger, more energy efficient

Most modern electronics from flat screen TVs and smartphones to wearable technologies and computer monitors use tiny light emitting diodes or LEDs These LEDs are based off of semiconductors that emit light with the movement ... - Read More

Two-dimensional material shows promise for optoelectronics: LEDs, photovoltaic cells, and light detectors

A team of MIT researchers has used a novel material that's just a few atoms thick to create devices that can harness or emit light This proof of concept could lead to ultrathin lightweight and ... - Read More

Ultra sensitive detection of radio waves with lasers

Radio waves are used for many measurements and applications for example in communication with mobile phones MRI scans scientific experiments and cosmic observations But 'noise' in the detector of the measuring instrument limits how sensitive ... - Read More

Transparent, color solar cells fuse energy, beauty

Colorful see through solar cells invented at the University of Michigan could one day be used to make stained glass windows decorations and even shades that turn the sun's energy into electricity The cells believed ... - Read More

Hydrocephalus: Sensors monitor cerebral pressure

Pressure
If the pressure in a patient's brain is too high physicians implant a system in the head that regulates the pressure A sensor can now measure and individually adjust brain pressure The sensor system is ... - Read More

Energy storage in miniaturized capacitors may boost green energy technology

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

Weighing particles at the attogram scale

System
MIT engineers have devised a way to measure the mass of particles with a resolution better than an attogram one millionth of a trillionth of a gram Weighing these tiny particles including both synthetic nanoparticles ... - Read More

Engineers make world's fastest organic transistor, herald new generation of see-through electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Teams from Stanford and the University of Nebraska Lincoln collaborate to make thin transparent semiconductors that could become the foundation for cheap high performance displays Two university research teams have worked together to produce the ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Low-power tunneling transistor for high-performance devices at low voltage

Applications
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More
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