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News articles about "Shells"

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More

Chemists develop 'fresh, new' approach to making alloy nanomaterials

Nanomaterials, nanomaterials
Chemists in The College of Arts and Sciences have figured out how to synthesize nanomaterials with stainless steel like interfaces Their discovery may change how the form and structure of nanomaterials are manipulated particularly those ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Injectable 'smart sponge' holds promise for controlled drug delivery

Drug delivery
Researchers have developed a drug delivery technique for diabetes treatment in which a sponge like material surrounds an insulin core The sponge expands and contracts in response to blood sugar levels to release insulin as ... - Read More

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

Ocean, Ocean
To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira They find that all existing coral ... - Read More

Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification

sea
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide absorption in Antarctic seas

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

Moving Iron in Antarctica

Carbon, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

Rainforests take the heat, paleontologists show

Heat
South American rainforests thrived during three extreme global warming events in the past say paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in a new report published in the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science ... - Read More

Fast-sinking jellyfish could boost the oceans' uptake of carbon dioxide

Fast, Oceans
The oceans absorb about 25 percent of the carbon dioxide CO2 emitted by human activities Since the industrial revolution they have taken up about half of the human made CO2. Billions of planktonic organisms too ... - Read More

Vast methane-based ecosystem uncovered

Methane, Methane, Ecosystem, Ecosystem
A marine research expedition sponsored by the U S Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BOEM and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA has led to the discovery of perhaps the world's largest methane cold ... - Read More

Beautiful 'flowers' self-assemble in a beaker

Beaker
Spring is like a perhaps hand wrote the poet E E Cummings carefully moving a perhaps fraction of flower here placing an inch of air there without breaking anything With the hand of nature trained ... - Read More

Vaterite: Crystal within a crystal helps resolve an old puzzle

Crystal
With the help of a solitary sea squirt scientists have resolved the longstanding puzzle of the crystal structure of vaterite an enigmatic geologic mineral and biomineral Share This See Also Graphene Biochemistry Physics Materials Science ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

Ocean's future not so bleak? Resilience found in shelled plants exposed to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
Marine scientists have long understood the detrimental effect of fossil fuel emissions on marine ecosystems But a group led by a UC Santa Barbara professor has found a point of resilience in a microscopic shelled ... - Read More

Rapid climate change and the role of the Southern Ocean

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
Scientists from Cardiff University and the University of Barcelona have discovered new clues about past rapid climate change Share This See Also Global Warming Oceanography Climate Earth Science Geography Geochemistry Carbon cycle Ocean acidification Phytoplankton ... - Read More
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