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News articles about "Shells"

When is a molecule a molecule? Scientists watch fast electron jumps in exploding molecules

Using ultra short X ray flashes an international team of researchers watched electrons jumping between the fragments of exploding molecules The study reveals up to what distance a charge transfer between the two molecular fragments ... - Read More

Ancient ocean currents may have changed pacing and intensity of ice ages: Slowing of currents may have flipped switch

For decades climate scientists have tried to explain why ice age cycles became longer and more intense about 900 000 years ago switching from 41 000 year cycles to 100 000 year cycles In a ... - Read More

New insights into biomass breakdown provided by scientists

Scientists at the University of York are playing a key role in the quest for a better understanding of how a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade hard to digest biomass into its constituent ... - Read More

Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval: Rate may be ten times faster

Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More

New perspectives to the design of molecular cages

Researchers from the University of Jyväskylä report a new method of building molecular cages The method involves the exploitation of intermolecular steric effects to control the outcome of a self assembly reaction Molecular cages are ... - Read More

Chemists challenge conventional understanding of how photocatalysis works

Photocatalysis catalysis assisted by light is a promising route to convert solar energy into chemical fuels Particularly appealing is the possibility to use photocatalysis to split water molecules into molecular hydrogen Although photocatalysis has been ... - Read More

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 mya

A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Two-lock box delivers cancer therapy: Nano-delivery system targets cancer cells

Rice University scientists have designed a tunable virus that works like a safe deposit box It takes two keys to open it and release its therapeutic cargo The Rice lab of bioengineer Junghae Suh has ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Today's Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida

Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st century Florida heat according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures ... - Read More

Virus structure inspires novel understanding of onion-like carbon nanoparticles

Symmetry is ubiquitous in the natural world It occurs in gemstones and snowflakes and even in biology an area typically associated with complexity and diversity There are striking examples the shapes of virus particles such ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

More accurate data on thousands of years of climate change

Using a cutting edge research technique UCLA researchers have reconstructed the temperature history of a region that plays a major role in determining climate around the world The findings published online Feb 27 in the ... - Read More

'Ultracold' molecules promising for quantum computing, simulation

Researchers have created a new type of ultracold molecule using lasers to cool atoms nearly to absolute zero and then gluing them together a technology that might be applied to quantum computing precise sensors and ... - Read More

Solution to planet-clogging plastics? Fully compostable bioplastic made from shrimp shells used to make objects

Researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute have developed a method to carry out large scale manufacturing of everyday objects from cell phones to food containers and toys using a fully degradable bioplastic isolated from shrimp shells ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube sponge shows improved water clean-up

A carbon nanotube sponge capable of soaking up water contaminants such as fertilisers pesticides and pharmaceuticals more than three times more efficiently than previous efforts has been presented in a new study published today The ... - Read More

Rethinking massive iceberg shifts in North Atlantic

Some Heinrich events periodic massive iceberg surges into the North Atlantic that were previously thought to have weakened the global ocean conveyor belt circulation and sent Earth's climate into the deep freeze may actually have ... - Read More

Coral reefs in Palau surprisingly resistant to naturally acidified waters

Waters
Ocean researchers working on the coral reefs of Palau in 2011 and 2012 made two unexpected discoveries that could provide insight into corals' resistance and resilience to ocean acidification and aid in the creation of ... - Read More

Acidification, predators pose double threat to oysters

The once booming now struggling Olympia oyster native to the West Coast could face a double threat from ocean acidification and invasive predators according to new research from the University of California Davis' Bodega Marine ... - Read More
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