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News articles about "Semiconductors"

The latest fashion: Graphene edges can be tailor-made

Theoretical physicists at Rice University are living on the edge as they study the astounding properties of graphene In a new study they figure out how researchers can fracture graphene nanoribbons to get the edges ... - Read More

New signal amplification process set to transform communications, imaging, computing

Signal amplification is ubiquitous to all electronic and optoelectronic systems for communications imaging and computing its characteristics directly impact device performance A new signal amplification process discovered by a team of University of California San ... - Read More

Solving an organic semiconductor mystery

Organic semiconductors are prized for light emitting diodes LEDs field effect transistors FETs and photovoltaic cells As they can be printed from solution they provide a highly scalable cost effective alternative to silicon based devices ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

From the lab to your digital device, quantum dots have made quantum leaps

Outside his career as a noted nanochemist Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab director Paul Alivisatos is an avid photographer To show off his photos his preferred device is a Kindle Fire HDX tablet because ... - Read More

Shedding light on why blue LEDS are so tricky to make

Scientists at UCL in collaboration with groups at the University of Bath and the Daresbury Laboratory have uncovered the mystery of why blue light emitting diodes LEDs are so difficult to make by revealing the ... - Read More

Organic electronics could lead to cheap, wearable medical sensors

Future fitness trackers could soon add blood oxygen levels to the list of vital signs measured with new technology developed by engineers at UC Berkeley There are various pulse oximeters already on the market that ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

On the Trail of Proteins: Scientists electrochemically detect protein binding on semiconductors

Scientists from Heidelberg University in collaboration with researchers from the University of Gießen have succeeded in electrochemically detecting protein binding on semiconductor materials for the first time thanks to a newly developed investigative method based ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package

Using 3 D printing and novel semiconductors researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a power inverter that could make electric vehicles lighter more powerful and more efficient At the ... - Read More

Beyond LEDs: Brighter, new energy-saving flat panel lights based on carbon nanotubes

Even as the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has enshrined light emitting diodes LEDs as the single most significant and disruptive energy efficient lighting solution of today scientists around the world continue unabated to search ... - Read More

Making quantum dots glow brighter

Researchers from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and the University of Oklahoma have found a new way to control the properties of quantum dots those tiny chunks of semiconductor material that glow different colors ... - Read More

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More

Excitonic dark states shed light on TMDC atomic layers: New promise for nanoelectronic and photonic applications

A team of Berkeley Lab researchers believes it has uncovered the secret behind the unusual optoelectronic properties of single atomic layers of transition metal dichalcogenide TMDC materials the two dimensional semiconductors that hold great promise ... - Read More

Doped graphene nanoribbons with potential

Graphene possesses many outstanding properties it conducts heat and electricity it is transparent harder than diamond and extremely strong But in order to use it to construct electronic switches a material must not only be ... - Read More

Phosphorus a promising semiconductor: Physicists find 2-D form pays no heed to defects

Defects damage the ideal properties of many two dimensional materials like carbon based graphene Phosphorus just shrugs That makes it a promising candidate for nano electronic applications that require stable properties according to new research ... - Read More

Breakthrough for carbon nanotube solar cells: Twice as efficient as current models

Lighter more flexible and cheaper than conventional solar cell materials carbon nanotubes CNTs have long shown promise for photovoltaics But research stalled when CNTs proved to be inefficient converting far less sunlight into power than ... - Read More
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