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News articles about "Semiconductor"

Low-power tunneling transistor for high-performance devices at low voltage

Applications
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More

A new material for solar panels could make them cheaper, more efficient

New material
A unique solar panel design made with a new ceramic material points the way to potentially providing sustainable power cheaper more efficiently and requiring less manufacturing time It also reaches a four decade old goal ... - Read More

World's highest quantum efficiency UV photodetectors created

Quantum, Quantum
Researchers from Northwestern University's McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science have developed the world's highest quantum efficiency ultraviolet UV photodetector an advance in technology that could aid in the detection of missiles and chemical ... - Read More

Diagnostic imaging: New chip provides better all-round performance

Applications, Applications
Small optical devices are important for diagnostic imaging in the body they serve for example as optical probes in blood vessels or the gastrointestinal tract For accurate diagnosis such applications require a 360 degree view ... - Read More

Optimizing carbon nanotube arrays for use in hot spots

Arrays, Carbon nanotube
Experimental evidence and computer simulations suggest how to grow structures with the best trade offs between three desired characteristics strength flexibility and the ability to dissipate heat When engineers design devices they must often join ... - Read More

New light shed on solar water-splitting process

Light, Light
With the help of a new method called dual electrode photoelectrochemistry University of Oregon scientists have provided new insight into how solar water splitting cells work An important and overlooked parameter they report is the ... - Read More

New simulatable model displaying exotic quantum phenomena

Quantum, Quantum
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Using waste heat to make cars more efficient

Yanliang Zhang wants to make vehicles more efficient by using a resource most people aren't even aware of the waste heat that results from the inherent inefficiency of engines when converting fuel into energy Zhang ... - Read More

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion

If you want to get the most out of the sun you have to improve the performance of the materials used An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving ... - Read More

Scientists invent self-healing battery electrode

Battery
Researchers have made the first battery electrode that heals itself opening a new and potentially commercially viable path for making the next generation of lithium ion batteries for electric cars cell phones and other devices ... - Read More

New way to dissolve semiconductors holds promise for electronics industry

Semiconductors the foundation of modern electronics used in flat screen TVs and fighter jets could become even more versatile as researchers make headway on a novel inexpensive way to turn them into thin films Their ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

The next big thing in the energy sector: Photovoltaic generated DC electricity

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Energy consumption continues to grow The costs of generation and transmission of energy must come down for the increased consumption to be sustainable Energy must be generated without depleting resources without causing pollution and without ... - Read More

World's most powerful terahertz quantum cascade laser

Cascade
Whether it is diagnostic imaging analysis of unknown substances or ultrafast communication terahertz radiation sources are becoming more and more important At the Vienna University of Technology an important breakthrough has been achieved Terahertz waves ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Persuading light to mix it up with matter

Light, Matter, Matter, Light
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More

Nanoscale engineering boosts performance of quantum dot light emitting diodes

Engineering
Dramatic advances in the field of quantum dot light emitting diodes QD LEDs could come from recent work by the Nanotechnology and Advanced Spectroscopy team at Los Alamos National Laboratory Quantum dots are nano sized ... - Read More

Breakthrough for solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Did you know that crystals form the basis for the penetrating icy blue glare of car headlights and could be fundamental to the future in solar energy technology Crystals are at the heart of diodes ... - Read More
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