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News articles about "Sediment"

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More

Three-billion-year-old microfossils include plankton

Carbon, carbon
Spindle shaped inclusions in three billion year old rocks are microfossils of plankton that probably inhabited the oceans around the globe during that time according to an international team of researchers It is surprising to ... - Read More

Geochemistry survey at Chatham Rise reveals absence of modern day greenhouse gas emissions

Gas, Geochemistry, Emissions
Geochemistry analysis conducted by the U S Naval Research Laboratory of fossil sediment injection structures off the New Zealand coast in February and March reveal no presence of modern day expulsions of methane gas a ... - Read More

Disappearance of stromatolites, earliest visible manifestation of life: Ancient enigma solved?

Structure, Structure
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Scientists find possible solution to an ancient enigma

Solution
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Crystal-clear method for distinguishing between glass and fluids

Glass, Crystal
Many solids are produced from melting Depending on how quickly they cool off invariably internal tensile stresses begin to build up One example are Prince Rupert's Drops or Dutch tears you can hit their thick ... - Read More

Vast methane-based ecosystem uncovered

Methane, Methane, Ecosystem, Ecosystem
A marine research expedition sponsored by the U S Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BOEM and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA has led to the discovery of perhaps the world's largest methane cold ... - Read More

Abundance and distribution of Hawaiian coral species predicted by model

marine, Marine
Researchers from the University of Hawaii Manoa UHM School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology SOEST developed species distribution models of the six dominant Hawaiian coral species around the main Hawaiian Islands including two ... - Read More

Amazon River exhales virtually all carbon taken up by rainforest

Carbon, carbon
The Amazon rain forest popularly known as the lungs of the planet inhales carbon dioxide as it exudes oxygen Plants use carbon dioxide from the air to grow parts that eventually fall to the ground ... - Read More

Bacteria use hydrogen, carbon dioxide to produce electricity

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Bacteria, Carbon dioxide, carbon, bacteria
Researchers have engineered a strain of electricity producing bacteria that can grow using hydrogen gas as its sole electron donor and carbon dioxide as its sole source of carbon Researchers at the University of Massachusetts ... - Read More

The Black Sea is a goldmine of ancient genetic data

sea
When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that ... - Read More

Massive amounts of charcoal enter the worlds' oceans

Oceans
Wild fire residue is washed out of the soil and transported to the sea by rivers Share This See Also Global Warming Geochemistry Forest Climate Environmental Issues Air Quality Sediment Soil science Carbon cycle Activated ... - Read More

Major Symposium on Arsenic Contamination in Food and Water Supplies

manufacturers stopped adding it to common household products ” Other speakers in the symposium focused on the ongoing problem of arsenic contamination in the 21st century Arsenic occurs naturally in elevated concentrations in the soil ... - Read More

Scientists seek sea urchin's secret to surviving ocean acidification

sea
Stanford scientists have discovered that some purple sea urchins living along the coast of California and Oregon have the surprising ability to rapidly evolve in acidic ocean water a capacity that may come in handy ... - Read More

Rapid climate change and the role of the Southern Ocean

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
Scientists from Cardiff University and the University of Barcelona have discovered new clues about past rapid climate change Share This See Also Global Warming Oceanography Climate Earth Science Geography Geochemistry Carbon cycle Ocean acidification Phytoplankton ... - Read More

Gulf of Mexico Has Greater-Than-Believed Ability to Self-Cleanse Oil Spills

The Gulf of Mexico may have a much greater natural ability to self clean oil spills than previously believed an expert in bioremediation said here today at the 245th National Meeting & amp Exposition of ... - Read More

Egyptian Wedding Certificate Key to Authenticating Controversial Biblical Text

from Augusta Honduras Now a major heritage site Augusta was founded as an English stronghold on Roatan Island from 1742 1748 and hosted a mix of English militia and indigenous Miskitu While historical documents provide ... - Read More

Huge and widespread volcanic eruptions triggered the end-Triassic extinction

Earth, earth
More than 200 million years ago a massive extinction decimated 76 percent of marine and terrestrial species marking the end of the Triassic period and the onset of the Jurassic This devastating event cleared the ... - Read More
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