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News articles about "Science"

Zinc, Proteins, and an Essential Cellular Balancing Act

a single celled fungus Yeast can adapt to both shortages and excesses of zinc says MacDiarmid an associate scientist Zinc is an essential nutrient but if there's too much it's toxic The issue for the ... - Read More

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered

Nitrogen fertilizer costs U S farmers approximately $8 billion each year and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams damaging the delicate water systems Now a discovery by a team of University ... - Read More

Wagon-wheel pasta shape for better LED lights

Light, Light
One problem in developing more efficient organic LED light bulbs and displays for TVs and phones is that much of the light is polarized in one direction and thus trapped within the light emitting diode ... - Read More

Novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically-engineered microorganism

Microorganism, Gasoline
Scientists succeeded in producing 580 mg of gasoline per litre of cultured broth by converting in vivo generated fatty acid For many decades we have been relying on fossil resources to produce liquid fuels such ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance in agricultural environments: A call to action

Antibiotic resistant pathogens are an emerging critical human health issue The World Health Organization WHO has declared antibiotic resistance as a top health issue worldwide Two million Americans are infected each year with diseases resistant ... - Read More

Dams provide resilience to Columbia River basin from climate change impacts

Dams have been vilified for detrimental effects to water quality and fish passage but a new study suggests that these structures provide ecological and engineering resilience to climate change in the Columbia River basin The ... - Read More

Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?

Bacteria, bacteria
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters According to a report written by scientists from the ... - Read More

Earth's history to be rewritten: Oxygen appeared 700 million years earlier than previously thought

Until now science has believed that oxygen in Earth's atmosphere has been around for roughly 2.3 billion years or roughly half way back along our planet's 4.6 billion year timeline However new research results provide ... - Read More

Steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected

Environment
Assessing the risk posed to aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical products into waterways is often based on a belief that as the compounds degrade the ecological risks naturally decline But ... - Read More

With carbon nanotubes, a path to flexible, low-cost sensors: Potential applications range from air-quality monitors to electronic skin

Carbon nanotubes, Applications
Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen TUM are showing the way toward low cost industrial scale manufacturing of a new family of electronic devices A leading example is a gas sensor that could be integrated ... - Read More

Water glides freely across 'nanodrapes' made from the world's thinnest material

Material, Material
Engineering researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new drape made from graphene the thinnest material known to science which can enhance the water resistant properties of materials with rough surfaces These nanodrapes are ... - Read More

Breaking Bad's Addictive Chemistry

and a huge part of the show’s appeal As Pinkman exclaims during an episode of the show’s first season “Yeah Science ” Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

Methane Out, Carbon Dioxide In?

A University of Virginia engineering professor has proposed a novel approach for keeping waste carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere Andres Clarens an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at U Va ’s School ... - Read More

Tapping a valuable resource or invading the environment? Research examines the start of fracking in Ohio

Environment
A new study is examining methane and other components in groundwater wells in advance of drilling for shale gas that's expected over the next several years in an Ohio region Amy Townsend Small a University ... - Read More

Seeing light in a new light: Scientists create never-before-seen form of matter

Light, Light
Harvard and MIT scientists are challenging the conventional wisdom about light and they didn't need to go to a galaxy far far away to do it Working with colleagues at the Harvard MIT Center for ... - Read More

Lab chemists help find binding site of protein that allows plant growth

Plant, plant
Using a new and super sensitive instrument researchers have discovered where a protein binds to plant cell walls a process that loosens the cell walls and makes it possible for plants to grow Researchers say ... - Read More

Nanoparticle vaccine: Particles that deliver vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces could defend against many infectious diseases

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
Many viruses and bacteria infect humans through mucosal surfaces such as those in the lungs gastrointestinal tract and reproductive tract To help fight these pathogens scientists are working on vaccines that can establish a front ... - Read More

New model should expedite development of temperature-stable nano-alloys

Alloys, Nano
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new theoretical model that will speed the development of new nanomaterial alloys that retain their advantageous properties at elevated temperatures Nanoscale materials are made up of ... - Read More

New steering tech for heavy equipment saves fuel, ups efficiency

Fuel
Researchers at Purdue University have shown how to reduce fuel consumption while improving the efficiency of hydraulic steering systems in heavy construction equipment The new approach incorporates several innovations It eliminates valves now needed to ... - Read More
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