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Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

Polymer gel, heal thyself: Engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged

Composites, Gel, Engineering, Polymer
When a chair leg breaks or a cell phone shatters either must be repaired or replaced But what if these materials could be programmed to regenerate themselves replenishing the damaged or missing components and thereby ... - Read More

Better combustion through plasma

Mix together air fuel and heat and you get combustion the chemical reaction that powers most engines in planes trains and automobiles And if you throw in some ionized gas plasma it turns out you ... - Read More

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Minerals, Minerals
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More

Copper promises cheaper, sturdier fuel cells

Fuel, Fuel cells
Copper adorns the Statue of Liberty makes sturdy affordable wiring and helps our bodies absorb iron Now researchers at Duke University would like to use copper to transform sunlight and water into a chemical fuel ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Research reveals how farmers could mitigate nitrous oxide emissions

Farmers may be able to help reduce emissions of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide N2O by incorporating copper into crop fertilization processes according to new research from the University of East Anglia Global agricultural emissions ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

All aboard the nanotrain network: Tiny self-assembling transport networks, powered by nano-scale motors and controlled by DNA

Nano
Tiny self assembling transport networks powered by nano scale motors and controlled by DNA have been developed by scientists at Oxford University and Warwick University The system can construct its own network of tracks spanning ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

Nanotube-based sensors can be implanted under the skin for a year

Glucose, Carbon, Glucose, carbon
Nitric oxide NO is one of the most important signaling molecules in living cells carrying messages within the brain and coordinating immune system functions In many cancerous cells levels are perturbed but very little is ... - Read More

Extracting energy from bacteria: Microbial electrode catalysts that turn wastewater into watts

Most of us wouldn't consider bacteria a promising energy source of the future That would be shortsighted says Leonard Tender a microbial electrochemist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D C who believes that ... - Read More

Making hydrogen cheaply by imitating bacteria? Unique chemistry in hydrogen catalysts revealed

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Making hydrogen easily and cheaply is a dream goal for clean sustainable energy Bacteria have been doing exactly that for billions of years and now chemists at the University of California Davis and Stanford University ... - Read More

New device stores electricity on silicon chips

Silicon
Solar cells that produce electricity 24 7 not just when the sun is shining Mobile phones with built in power cells that recharge in seconds and work for weeks between charges These are just two ... - Read More

Team uses forest waste to develop cheaper, greener supercapacitors

Researchers report that wood biochar supercapacitors can produce as much power as today's activated carbon supercapacitors at a fraction of the cost and with environmentally friendly byproducts The report appears in the journal Electrochimica Acta ... - Read More

Charged up and ready to connect

An innovative strategy produces positively and negatively charged polymer chains ideal for generating multifunctional coatings Gelatin a well known food ingredient belongs to a class of molecules called polyampholytes that contain both positively and negatively ... - Read More
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