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Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Research reveals how farmers could mitigate nitrous oxide emissions

Farmers may be able to help reduce emissions of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide N2O by incorporating copper into crop fertilization processes according to new research from the University of East Anglia Global agricultural emissions ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

All aboard the nanotrain network: Tiny self-assembling transport networks, powered by nano-scale motors and controlled by DNA

Nano
Tiny self assembling transport networks powered by nano scale motors and controlled by DNA have been developed by scientists at Oxford University and Warwick University The system can construct its own network of tracks spanning ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

Nanotube-based sensors can be implanted under the skin for a year

Glucose, Carbon, Glucose, carbon
Nitric oxide NO is one of the most important signaling molecules in living cells carrying messages within the brain and coordinating immune system functions In many cancerous cells levels are perturbed but very little is ... - Read More

Extracting energy from bacteria: Microbial electrode catalysts that turn wastewater into watts

Most of us wouldn't consider bacteria a promising energy source of the future That would be shortsighted says Leonard Tender a microbial electrochemist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D C who believes that ... - Read More

Making hydrogen cheaply by imitating bacteria? Unique chemistry in hydrogen catalysts revealed

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Making hydrogen easily and cheaply is a dream goal for clean sustainable energy Bacteria have been doing exactly that for billions of years and now chemists at the University of California Davis and Stanford University ... - Read More

New device stores electricity on silicon chips

Silicon
Solar cells that produce electricity 24 7 not just when the sun is shining Mobile phones with built in power cells that recharge in seconds and work for weeks between charges These are just two ... - Read More

Team uses forest waste to develop cheaper, greener supercapacitors

Researchers report that wood biochar supercapacitors can produce as much power as today's activated carbon supercapacitors at a fraction of the cost and with environmentally friendly byproducts The report appears in the journal Electrochimica Acta ... - Read More

Charged up and ready to connect

An innovative strategy produces positively and negatively charged polymer chains ideal for generating multifunctional coatings Gelatin a well known food ingredient belongs to a class of molecules called polyampholytes that contain both positively and negatively ... - Read More

Making hydrogen cheaply? Unique chemistry in hydrogen catalysts revealed

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Making hydrogen easily and cheaply is a dream goal for clean sustainable energy Bacteria have been doing exactly that for billions of years and now chemists at the University of California Davis and Stanford University ... - Read More

When scaling the quantum slopes, veer for the straight path

Quantum, Quantum
Like any task there is an easy and a hard way to control atoms and molecules as quantum systems which are driven by tailored radiation fields More efficient methods for manipulating quantum systems could help ... - Read More

New metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels

sugars
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels The new pathway is intended to replace ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Chemical synthesis: A simple technique for highly functionalized compounds

Synthesis, Compounds
Researchers at Kanazawa University have demonstrated a technique that allows direct functionalization of alkenes without the need for metallic reagents photolysis or extreme reaction conditions The addition of functional groups to certain unsaturated hydrocarbons known ... - Read More

First steps towards achieving better and cheaper biodiesel

Glycerol
Is there any connection between wine and biodiesel The answer is yes however surprising it may seem Acetals are chemical compounds found in many wines like port for example which give it a unique sweet ... - Read More
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