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News articles about "Reactions"

Solving electron transfer

Electron transfer is a process by which an atom donates an electron to another atom It is the foundation of all chemical reactions and is of intense research because of the implications it has for ... - Read More

New Catalyst Could Cut Cost of Making Hydrogen Fuel

Released 7 2 2013 2 15 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Jul 2 2013 MADISON – A discovery at the University of Wisconsin Madison may represent a significant ... - Read More

Protocells may have formed in a salty soup

cell, cell
The first cell may have originated in a salty soup in which large biomolecules cluster spontaneously to form a protocell chemists at Radboud University Nijmegen discovered The research is published in the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

The quantum secret to alcohol reactions in space

Chemists have discovered that an 'impossible' reaction at cold temperatures actually occurs with vigour which could change our understanding of how alcohols are formed and destroyed in space To explain the impossible the researchers propose ... - Read More

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in Breaching Age-Old Barrier

as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More

New iron catalyst promises green future for hydrogenation

Hydrogenation, Catalyst, Green
A new iron nanoparticle catalyst developed by researchers in Japan and Canada promises to drastically improve the efficiency of hydrogenation a key chemical process used in a wide array of industrial applications Cleaner safer and ... - Read More

Scientists view 'protein origami' to help understand, prevent certain diseases

Scientists using sophisticated imaging techniques have observed a molecular protein folding process that may help medical researchers understand and treat diseases such as Alzheimer's Lou Gehrig's and cancer The study reported this month in the ... - Read More

Computational chemistry draws for first time 'interactive cartographic map' of enzymes during chemical reactions

Knowing how enzymes work is key to control the chemical processes involving these biological macromolecules that have countless applications in the fields of medicine and industry Computational chemistry has enabled to draw for the first ... - Read More

Tiny nanocubes help scientists tell left from right

Chiral
In chemical reactions left and right can make a big difference A left handed molecule of a particular chemical composition could be an effective drug while its mirror image right handed counterpart could be completely ... - Read More

Working backward: Computer-aided design of zeolite templates

Zeolite
aking a page from computer aided drug designers Rice University researchers have developed a computational method that chemists can use to tailor the properties of zeolites one of the world's most used industrial minerals The ... - Read More

Uniquely shaped enzyme amazes chemists

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Chemists of Radboud University Nijmegen have found that a uniquely shaped enzyme that has never been seen before in biology is real two interlocked ring structures known as catenanes The results have been published early ... - Read More

Polymer-coated catalyst protects 'artificial leaf'

Catalyst, Polymer
Due to the fluctuating availability of solar energy storage solutions are urgently needed One option is to use the electrical energy generated inside solar cells to split water by means of electrolysis in the process ... - Read More

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More

Artificial bone: Designing synthetic materials and quickly turning the design into reality with 3-D printing

Materials, materials
Researchers working to design new materials that are durable lightweight and environmentally sustainable are increasingly looking to natural composites such as bone for inspiration Bone is strong and tough because its two constituent materials soft ... - Read More

Nanoparticle opens the door to clean-energy alternatives

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
Cheaper clean energy technologies could be made possible thanks to a new discovery Led by Raymond Schaak a professor of chemistry at Penn State University research team members have found that an important chemical reaction ... - Read More

'Self-cleaning' pollution-control technology could do more harm than good, study suggests

Research by Indiana University environmental scientists shows that air pollution removal technology used in self cleaning paints and building surfaces may actually cause more problems than they solve The study finds that titanium dioxide coatings ... - Read More

Discovery of new material state counterintuitive to laws of physics

New material
When you squeeze something it gets smaller Unless you're at Argonne National Laboratory At the suburban Chicago laboratory a group of scientists has seemingly defied the laws of physics and found a way to apply ... - Read More

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation

Irradiation
New research shows that exposing polymer molecular sieve membranes to ultraviolet UV irradiation in the presence of oxygen produces highly permeable and selective membranes for more efficient molecular level separation an essential process in everything ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More
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