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News articles about "Reaction"

Motorized microscopic matchsticks move in water with sense of direction

Water, Water, Water
Chemists physicists and computer scientists at the University of Warwick have come together to devise a new powerful and very versatile way of controlling the speed and direction of motion of microscopic structures in water ... - Read More

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide

Gas
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More

State E-Waste Disposal Bans Have Been Largely Ineffective

are topics that have received much attention in both the media and research community While the environmental footprint of IT devices is indeed significant a singular focus on their direct impacts ignores the indirect environmental ... - Read More

Scientists use DNA to assemble a transistor from graphene

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Graphene is a sheet of carbon atoms arrayed in a honeycomb pattern just a single atom thick It could be a better semiconductor than silicon if we could fashion it into ribbons 20 to 50 ... - Read More

Purple Sweet Potatoes Among 'New Naturals' for Food and Beverage Colors

exhibited potent antioxidant activities Degradation of chlorogenic acid quinic acid and caffeic acid upon heat treatment produced additional antioxidants in roasted coffees The results suggest that continuous ingestion of antioxidants by habitual coffee drinkers has ... - Read More

New low-temperature chemical reaction explained

Temperature, Reaction, Reaction, temperature
In all the centuries that humans have studied chemical reactions just 36 basic types of reactions have been found Now thanks to the work of researchers at MIT and the University of Minnesota a 37th ... - Read More

New computational approaches speed up the exploration of the universe

Computational, computational, Computational
How many different molecules can be created when you release one of the universe's most reactive substances hydrogen cyanide in the lab And will the process create some particularly interesting molecules That is what scientists ... - Read More

Oxygen 'sponge' presents path to better catalysts, energy materials

Catalysts
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new oxygen sponge that can easily absorb or shed oxygen atoms at low temperatures Materials with these novel characteristics would be useful ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

New rechargeable flow battery could enable cheaper, more efficient energy storage

Battery
MIT researchers have engineered a new rechargeable flow battery that doesn't rely on expensive membranes to generate and store electricity The device they say may one day enable cheaper large scale energy storage The palm ... - Read More

Quick test kit detects phenolic compounds in drinking water

Compounds
Clean drinking water is a diminishing natural resource in developing nations and in many industrialised countries VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a simple and inexpensive test kit that detects phenolic compounds in ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

3-D graphene: Solar cells' new platinum?

cells, cells
One of the most promising types of solar cells has a few drawbacks A scientist at Michigan Technological University may have overcome one of them Dye sensitized solar cells are thin flexible easy to make ... - Read More

Lab-made complexes are 'sun sponges'

Light, Light
A ring of protein and pigments half synthetic and half natural can be used to quickly prototype light harvesting antennas that absorb more sunlight than fully natural ones In diagrams it looks like a confection ... - Read More

Lab-Made Complexes Are "Sun Sponges"

Released 8 23 2013 12 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Washington University in St Louis more news from this source Aug 24 2013 In diagrams it looks like a confection of self curling ribbon with bits ... - Read More

Pass the salt: Common condiment could enable new high-tech industry -- silicon nanostructures

Salt, Nanostructures, Silicon
Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to ... - Read More

Long-sought method to efficiently make complex anticancer compound developed

Complex, Compound
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI have achieved the first efficient chemical synthesis of ingenol a highly complex plant derived compound that has long been of interest to drug developers for its anticancer potential ... - Read More

Cracking how life arose on Earth may help clarify where else it might exist

Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More

Game changer for synthesizing new materials: Method synthesizes thousands of new compounds with ultra low thermal conductivity

Conductivity, Compounds, New materials
University of Oregon chemist David C Johnson likens his lab's newly published accomplishments to combining two flavors of ice cream vanilla and chocolate and churning out thousands of flavors to appeal to any taste bud ... - Read More

Using gold and light to study molecules in water

molecules
Thanks to a new device that is the size of a human hair it is now possible to detect molecules in a liquid solution and observe their interactions This is of major interest for the ... - Read More
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