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News articles about "Radiation"

Extreme water in Earth's interior

Earth is the only known planet that holds water in massive quantities and in all three of the main phase states But the earthly omnipresent compound water has very unusual properties that become particularly evident ... - Read More

Detecting cesium with naked eyes

Probe, Fluorescence
Micrometer level naked eye detection of cesium ions a major source of contamination in the vicinity of radioactive leaks is demonstrated in a material developed by researchers in Japan Share This See Also Weapons Technology ... - Read More

Watery Research Theme to Flow Through New Tokmakoff Lab

it’s just mind boggling ” Tokmakoff said Tucked into the many aspects of that problem is the molecular fine print how a protein recognizes and binds to its partner Many classes of proteins exhibit such ... - Read More

Ozone layer above North Pole expected to recover by end of century

Ozone, Ozone
Good news for the ozone layer above the Arctic The Montreal Protocol is showing effects according to recent measurements the ozone layer over the North Pole should recover by the end of the century This ... - Read More

Working at the extreme edge of cosmic ice

Ice
Behind locked doors in a lab built like a bomb shelter Perry Gerakines makes something ordinary yet truly alien ice Share This See Also Nature of Water Spintronics Chemistry Carbon 14 Ice shelf Gas giant ... - Read More

Volcanic aerosols, not pollutants, tamped down recent Earth warming

Pollutants
A team led by the University of Colorado Boulder looking for clues about why Earth did not warm as much as scientists expected between 2000 and 2010 now thinks the culprits are hiding in plain ... - Read More

Creating next-generation materials able to operate in the toughest environments

Materials, materials
Loughborough University is leading a new £4.2 million research project to develop next generation materials able to operate in the most extreme environments Share This See Also Materials Science Civil Engineering Weapons Technology Engineering Physics ... - Read More

Titanium dioxide nanoreactor: Synthesis to produce nanoparticles at room temperature in a polymer network

Synthesis, Synthesis , Polymer
Tiny particles of titanium dioxide are found as key ingredients in wall paints sunscreens and toothpaste they act as reflectors of light or as abrasives However with decreasing particle size and a corresponding change in ... - Read More

Researchers 'nanoweld' by applying light to aligned nanorods in solid materials

Nanorods
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a way to melt or weld specific portions of polymers by embedding aligned nanoparticles within the materials Their technique which melts fibers along a chosen direction within ... - Read More

Ancient 'Egyptian blue' pigment points to new telecommunications, security ink technology

A bright blue pigment used 5 000 years ago is giving modern scientists clues toward the development of new nanomaterials with potential uses in state of the art medical imaging devices remote controls for televisions ... - Read More

Organic electronics: How to make contact between carbon compounds and metal

Compounds
Organic electronics has already hit the market in smart phone displays and holds great promise for future applications like flexible electroluminescent foils a potential replacement for conventional light bulbs or solar cells that convert sunlight ... - Read More

Sunlight stimulates release of climate-warming gas from melting Arctic permafrost

Gas
Ancient carbon trapped in Arctic permafrost is extremely sensitive to sunlight and if exposed to the surface when long frozen soils melt and collapse can release climate warming carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere much ... - Read More

Fluorescent label sheds light on radioactive contamination

Radioactive contamination
Researchers in Japan have developed a way to detect caesium contamination on a scale of millimetres enabling the detection of small areas of radioactive contamination Share This See Also Weapons Technology Chemistry Materials Science Inorganic ... - Read More

X-rays reveal uptake of nanoparticles by soybean crops

X-Rays, X-rays
Metals contained in nanoparticles can enter into the food chain Scientists have for the first time traced the nanoparticles taken up from the soil by crop plants and analysed the chemical states of their metallic ... - Read More

Giant carbon molecules for sustainable technologies

Carbon
Scientists in the joint research project FUNgraphen are pinning their hopes for new technologies on a particular form of carbon They have developed new carbon macromolecules and molecular carbon composite materials with special properties The ... - Read More

Evolution inspires more efficient solar cell design: Geometric pattern maximizes time light is trapped

Light
The sun's energy is virtually limitless but harnessing its electricity with today's single crystal silicon solar cells is extremely expensive 10 times pricier than coal according to some estimates Organic solar cells polymer solar cells ... - Read More

Evolution inspires more efficient solar cell design: Geometric pattern maximizes time light is trapped in solar cell

cell, cell
The sun's energy is virtually limitless but harnessing its electricity with today's single crystal silicon solar cells is extremely expensive 10 times pricier than coal according to some estimates Organic solar cells polymer solar cells ... - Read More

Modifications of a nanoparticle can change chemical interactions with cell membranes

Chemical, Membranes, Chemical, Nanoparticle
Researchers at Syracuse University's Department of Biomedical and Chemical Engineering at L C Smith College of Engineering and Computer Science are studying the toxicity of commonly used nanoparticles particles up to one million times smaller ... - Read More

Quantum States Between Order and Disorder

With his research on quantum states in the realm between order and disorder Professor Jörg Schmiedmayer's work has raised quite a stir ultra cold atom clouds with a high degree of order approach a disordered ... - Read More

Did an 8th century gamma ray burst irradiate Earth?

Gamma ray
A nearby short duration gamma ray burst may be the cause of an intense blast of high energy radiation that hit the Earth in the 8th century according to new research led by astronomers Valeri ... - Read More
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