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News articles about "Radiation"

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

Dairy's carbon footprint: Flatulence tops the list

Carbon, carbon
Researchers at the University of Arkansas are attempting to help the U S dairy industry decrease its carbon footprint as concentrations of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reach record levels In 2007 Americans consumed approximately ... - Read More

Printing innovations provide 10-fold improvement in organic electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Through innovations to a printing process researchers have made major improvements to organic electronics a technology in demand for lightweight low cost solar cells flexible electronic displays and tiny sensors The printing method is fast ... - Read More

Microwaves make for faster, greener pharma manufacturing

Microwave radiation could provide a faster greener way to manufacture drugs according to researchers at the University of Bradford Published in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal CrystEngComm the research is the first to show ... - Read More

Brittle material toughened: Tungsten-fiber-reinforced tungsten

Material, Material
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of the vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma it being the metal with the highest melting point A disadvantage however is its brittleness which under ... - Read More

Formula for turning cement into 'metal'

Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass
In a move that would make the Alchemists of King Arthur's time green with envy scientists have unraveled the formula for turning liquid cement into liquid metal This makes cement a semi conductor and opens ... - Read More

Detecting mirror molecules: New technique reliably tells left-handed from right-handed variant of a compound

Harvard physicists have developed a novel technique that can detect molecular variants in chemical mixtures greatly simplifying a process that is one of the most important though time consuming processes in analytical chemistry As described ... - Read More

Volcanoes cause climate gas concentrations to vary

Gas
Trace gases and aerosols are major factors influencing the climate With the help of highly complex installations such as MIPAS on board of the ENVISAT satellite researchers try to better understand the processes in the ... - Read More

Climate change and wildfire

climate, climate, climate, climate, Climate, Climate, Climate, Climate, Climate, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, climate
Concerns continue to grow about the effects of climate change on fire Wildfires are expected to increase 50 percent across the United States under a changing climate over 100 percent in areas of the West ... - Read More

Better understanding of water's freezing behavior at nanoscale

The results of a new study led by George Washington University Professor Tianshu Li provide direct computational evidence that nucleation of ice in small droplets is strongly size dependent an important conclusion in understanding water's ... - Read More

Nanoantennas improve infrared sensing

Light, Light
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more ... - Read More

Earth's iron core is surprisingly weak

earth, Earth
Researchers have used a diamond anvil cell to squeeze iron at pressures as high as 3 million times that felt at sea level to recreate conditions at the center of Earth The findings could refine ... - Read More

X-ray tomography of living frog embryo

X-ray
Classical X ray radiographs provide information about internal absorptive structures of organisms such as bones Alternatively X rays can also image soft tissues throughout early embryonic development of vertebrates Related to this a new X ... - Read More

Team wins Cubesat berth to gather Earth energy imbalance measurements

Earth, earth
A team of scientists has won a berth on a tiny satellite to explore one of NASA's most important frontiers in climate studies the imbalance in Earth's energy budget and the extent to which fast ... - Read More

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

'Power plants': How to harvest electricity directly from plants

Plants, plants
The sun provides the most abundant source of energy on the planet However only a tiny fraction of the solar radiation on Earth is converted into useful energy To help solve this problem researchers at ... - Read More

Elucidating energy shifts in optical tweezers

Physicists are providing an all in one guide to help calculate the effect the use of optical tweezers has on the energy levels of atoms under study A small piece of paper sticks to an ... - Read More

Microelectronics: Taking the heat off microfluidic chips

Replacing a high temperature processing technique with an infrared treatment allows the manufacture of tiny devices without damaging the polymer components Share This See Also Microarrays Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Artificial Intelligence Mobile Computing Information Technology ... - Read More

Scientists investigate release of bromine in polar regions

Ozone, Ozone
The chemical element bromine whose compounds contribute significantly to the depletion of ozone in the lower atmosphere is also released in polar regions to a great extent from snow on land This is the result ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More
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