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News articles about "Quantum"

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

Controlling car pollution at the quantum level

Toyota Central R& amp D Labs Inc in Japan have reviewed research that might be leading the way towards a new generation of automotive catalytic converters Catalytic converters that change the toxic fumes of automobile ... - Read More

How iron feels the heat

As you heat up a piece of iron the arrangement of the iron atoms changes several times before melting This unusual behavior is one reason why steel in which iron plays a starring role is ... - Read More

On quantum scales, there are many second laws of thermodynamics

New research from UCL and the Universities of Gdansk Singapore and Delft has uncovered additional second laws of thermodynamics which complement the ordinary second law of thermodynamics one of the most fundamental laws of nature ... - Read More

Bacterial armor holds clues for self-assembling nanostructures

Imagine thousands of copies of a single protein organizing into a coat of chainmail armor that protects the wearer from harsh and ever changing environmental conditions That is the case for many microorganisms In a ... - Read More

Switching superconductivity by light

A research team led by Prof Hiroshi M Yamamoto of the Institute for Molecular Science National Institutes of Natural Sciences has developed a novel superconducting transistor which can be switched reversibly between ON and OFF ... - Read More

Exotic states materialize with supercomputers

Scientists used supercomputers to find a new class of materials that possess an exotic state of matter known as the quantum spin Hall effect The researchers published their results in the journal Science in December ... - Read More

Nanoscale mirrored cavities amplify, connect quantum memories

The idea of computing systems based on controlling atomic spins just got a boost from new research performed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT and the U S Department of Energy's DOE Brookhaven National ... - Read More

Researchers use sound to slow down, speed up, and block light

Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign have experimentally demonstrated for the first time the phenomenon of Brillouin Scattering Induced Transparency BSIT which can be used to slow down speed up and block ... - Read More

Demystifying nanocrystal solar cells

ETH researchers have developed a comprehensive model to explain how electrons flow inside new types of solar cells made of tiny crystals The model allows for a better understanding of such cells and may help ... - Read More

Visualizing interacting electrons in a molecule

Understanding this kind of electronic effects in organic molecules is crucial for their use in optoelectronic applications for example in organic light emitting diodes OLEDs organic field effect transistors OFETs and solar cells In their ... - Read More

Scientists set quantum speed limit

University of California Berkeley scientists have proved a fundamental relationship between energy and time that sets a quantum speed limit on processes ranging from quantum computing and tunneling to optical switching The energy time uncertainty ... - Read More

Exotic, gigantic molecules fit inside each other like Russian nesting dolls

University of Chicago scientists have experimentally observed for the first time a phenomenon in ultracold three atom molecules predicted by Russian theoretical physicsist Vitaly Efimov in 1970. In this quantum phenomenon called geometric scaling the ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Graphene brings quantum effects to electronic circuits

Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra low temperature 2D materials creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy At the atomic and ... - Read More

Shining a light on quantum dots measurement

Due to their nanoscale dimensions and sensitivity to light quantum dots are being used for a number of bioimaging applications including in vivo imaging of tumor cells detection of biomolecules and measurement of pH changes ... - Read More

Self-destructive effects of magnetically-doped ferromagnetic topological insulators

The discovery of topologically protected electrical conductivity on the surface of some materials whose bulk interior acts as an insulator was among the most sensational advances in the last decade of condensed matter physics with ... - Read More

Improved interface for a quantum internet

A quantum network requires efficient interfaces over which information can be transferred from matter to light and back In the current issue of Physical Review Letters Innsbruck physicists led by Rainer Blatt and Tracy Northup ... - Read More

Physicists observe light-matter interaction of two atoms for the first time

If two children splash in the sea high water waves will emerge due to constructive superposition Different observations are made for the microscopic world in an experiment at the University of Bonn where physicists used ... - Read More

Race of the electrons: Laser pulses can be used to track the motion of electrons in metals with attosecond precision

It is easy to measure electric current But it is extremely hard to watch the individual electrons which make up this current Electrons race through the metal with a speed of several million meters per ... - Read More
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