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News articles about "Quantum"

Quantum mechanisms of organic devices for alternative solar panels are revealed

Silicon panel based technology requires a very costly contaminating manufacturing process while organic photovoltaic OPV devices have been positioned as one of the most attractive alternatives as a source of solar energy This research has ... - Read More

First real time movies of the light-to-current conversion in an organic solar cell

Photovoltaic cells directly convert sun light into electricity and hence are key technological devices to meet one of the challenges that humankind has to face in this century a sustainable and clean production of renewable ... - Read More

Particles near absolute zero do not break the laws of physics after all

A change of models demystifies anomalous particle behaviour at very low temperatures confirming that the third law of thermodynamics has not been violated In theory the laws of physics are absolute However when it comes ... - Read More

Molecules do the triple twist

They are three dimensional and yet single sided Moebius strips These twisted objects have only one side and one edge and they put our imagination to the test Under the leadership of Kiel University's chemist ... - Read More

Hybrid energy transfer system mimics process responsible for photosynthesis

Scientists from the University of Southampton in collaboration with the Universities of Sheffield and Crete have developed a new hybrid energy transfer system which mimics the processes responsible for photosynthesis From photosynthesis to respiration the ... - Read More

Advanced light: Sending entangled beams through fast-light materials

Michael Lewis's bestselling book Flash Boys describes how some brokers engaging in high frequency trading exploit fast telecommunications to gain fraction of a second advantage in the buying and selling of stocks But you don't ... - Read More

Shaping ultrashort laser pulses: Laser light needs more bass

They shed light on atomic and molecular processes ultrashort laser pulses are required to study extremely fast quantum phenomena For years scientists have been trying to tune the shape of light waves so as to ... - Read More

Tricking the uncertainty principle: New measurement technique goes beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics

Caltech researchers have found a way to make measurements that go beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics Today we are capable of measuring the position of an object with unprecedented accuracy but quantum physics ... - Read More

Exploring the magnetism of a single atom

Magnetic devices like hard drives magnetic random access memories MRAMs molecular magnets and quantum computers depend on the manipulation of magnetic properties In an atom magnetism arises from the spin and orbital momentum of its ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

New record operation temperature for quantum-cascade lasers

For the observation of cold matter in the interstellar medium astronomers need instruments for the detection of terahertz radiation Specific high resolution instruments are based on terahertz quantum cascade lasers but operate only at cryogenic ... - Read More

Rare-earth-like magnetic properties in iron

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have observed magnetic properties typically associated with those observed in rare earth elements in iron These properties are observed in a new iron based compound that does ... - Read More

Your T-shirt's ringing: Printable tiny flexible cell phones for clothes?

A new version of spaser technology being investigated could mean that mobile phones become so small efficient and flexible they could be printed on clothing A team of researchers from Monash University's Department of Electrical ... - Read More

Mapping the road to quantum gravity

Perimeter Associate Faculty member Sung Sik Lee is a condensed matter physicist but he has his eye on quantum gravity Lee lays out the problem Physics has one theory to describe how planets orbit the ... - Read More

Researchers bolster development of programmable quantum computers

University of Chicago researchers and their colleagues at University College London have performed a proof of concept experiment that will aid the future development of programmable quantum computers Many complex problems are difficult and slow ... - Read More

Engineers design 'living materials': Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that emit light

Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Thermal conductance can be controlled like waves using nanostructures

Thermal conduction is a familiar everyday phenomenon In a hot sauna for instance you can sit comfortably on a wooden bench that has a temperature of 100C 212F but if you touch a metallic nail ... - Read More

New window into quantum physics opened with superconductivity in LEDs

A team of University of Toronto physicists led by Alex Hayat has proposed a novel and efficient way to leverage the strange quantum physics phenomenon known as entanglement The approach would involve combining light emitting ... - Read More
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