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News articles about "Properties"

Magnetic nanoparticles could aid heat dissipation in nuclear plant cooling systems and electronics

Cooling systems generally rely on water pumped through pipes to remove unwanted heat Now researchers at MIT and in Australia have found a way of enhancing heat transfer in such systems by using magnetic fields ... - Read More

New technique controls dimensions of gold nanorods while manufacturing on a large scale

Nanorods
North Carolina State University researchers have developed a technique for efficiently producing nanoscale gold rods in large quantities while simultaneously controlling the dimensions of the nanorods and their optical properties The optical properties of gold ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Evidence found for granite on Mars: Red Planet more more geologically complex than thought

Complex, Granite, Mars
Researchers now have stronger evidence of granite on Mars and a new theory for how the granite an igneous rock common on Earth could have formed there according to a new study The findings suggest ... - Read More

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion

If you want to get the most out of the sun you have to improve the performance of the materials used An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Large graphene crystals with exceptional electrical properties created

Crystals, Properties
When it comes to the growth of graphene an ultrathin ultrastrong all carbon material it is survival of the fittest according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin The team used surface oxygen ... - Read More

Tiny 'Lego' blocks build Janus nanotubes with potential for new drugs and water purification

Researchers have created tiny protein tubes named after the Roman god Janus which may offer a new way to accurately channel drugs into the body's cells Using a process which they liken to molecular Lego ... - Read More

Single-atom bit forms smallest memory in the world

Atom, Atom, Atom
One atom equals one bit According to this design principle we would like to construct magnetic data memories in the future Presently a compound of several million atoms is needed to stabilize a magnetic bit ... - Read More

Dye absorption structure of dye-sensitized solar cells elucidated on molecular level: Success in dye absorption structure control

NIMS researchers elucidated the relationship between the photocurrent and the peculiar changes in the absorption structure occurring in the vicinity of the molecular electrode interface in dye sensitized solar cells The Organic Inorganic Hybrid Photovoltaics ... - Read More

Fantastic phonons: Blocking sound, channeling heat with 'unprecedented precision'

Heat, Sound
Imagine living on a bustling city block but free from the noise of car horns and people on the street The emerging field of phononics could one day make this a reality The phonon like ... - Read More

New generation of micro sensors for monitoring ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
The first step in developing a cost effective micro sensor for long term monitoring of ocean acidification has been achieved by a team of scientists and engineers The new technology that will measure pH levels ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

Threats to our clean water: Impacts to human and marine environments

Despite the abundance of water on our planet it remains a precious and sought after life sustaining resource Without the technology to provide safe clean water to the masses the general public would be consuming ... - Read More

New method gives accurate picture of gas storage by microscopic cages

Gas
A computational method to quantify the adsorption of gas by porous zeolites should help labs know what to expect before they embark upon slow costly experiments according to researchers at Rice University The new method ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More

Build-a-nanoparticle

Nanoparticles which range from 1 100 nanometers in size are roughly the same size as biomolecules such as proteins antibodies and membrane receptors Because of this size similarity nanoparticles can mimic biomolecules and therefore have ... - Read More

Organizing programmed nanoparticles into highly complex nanostructures

Complex, Nanostructures
Animal and plant cells are prominent examples of how nature constructs ever larger units in a targeted preprogrammed manner using molecules as building blocks In nanotechnology scientists mimic this 'bottom up' technique by using the ... - Read More
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