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News articles about "Probability"

Smart crystallization

A novel nucleating agent that builds on the concept of molecularly imprinted polymers MIPs could allow crystallographers access to proteins and other biological macromolecules that are usually reluctant to form crystals The semi liquid non ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Graphene brings quantum effects to electronic circuits

Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra low temperature 2D materials creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy At the atomic and ... - Read More

More sun means fewer children, grandchildren, Norwegian study finds

A new study from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology shows that increased UV radiation can have an effect on human fertility over generations Gine Roll Skjærvø at the Norwegian University of Science and ... - Read More

Could I squeeze by you? Scientists model molecular movement within narrow channels of mesoporous nanoparticles

Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed deeper understanding of the ideal design for mesoporous nanoparticles used in catalytic reactions such as hydrocarbon conversion to biofuels The research will help ... - Read More

Atmospheric chemistry hinges on better physics model

New theoretical physics models could help us better grasp the atmospheric chemistry of ozone depletion Indeed understanding photoabsorption of nitrous oxide N2O a process which involves the transfer of the energy of a photon to ... - Read More

Moving silicon atoms in graphene with atomic precision

Richard Feynman famously posed the question in 1959 is it possible to see and manipulate individual atoms in materials For a time his vision seemed more science fiction than science but starting with groundbreaking experiments ... - Read More

When is a molecule a molecule? Scientists watch fast electron jumps in exploding molecules

Using ultra short X ray flashes an international team of researchers watched electrons jumping between the fragments of exploding molecules The study reveals up to what distance a charge transfer between the two molecular fragments ... - Read More

Physicists detect process even rarer than the long-sought Higgs particle

Scientists running the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider LHC the world's largest and most powerful atom smasher report the first evidence of a process that can be used to test the mechanism by ... - Read More

Uncertainty gives scientists new confidence in search for novel materials

Scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a way to estimate uncertainties in computer calculations that are widely used to speed the search for new materials for ... - Read More

How knots can swap positions on a DNA strand

Physicists of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU and the Graduate School of Excellence Materials Science in Mainz MAINZ have been able with the aid of computer simulations to confirm and explain a mechanism by which ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

Wastewater disposal may trigger quakes at greater distance than previously thought

Oil and gas development activities including underground disposal of wastewater and hydraulic fracturing may induce earthquakes by changing the state of stress on existing faults to the point of failure Earthquakes from wastewater disposal may ... - Read More

Widespread hydrogen fueling infrastructure goal of new project

As hydrogen fuel cell vehicles continue to roll out in increasing numbers the infrastructure for fueling them must expand as well To this end a new project launched by the Energy Department and led by ... - Read More

Graphene is only as strong as its weakest link: Experiments determine real-world limits of two-dimensional carbon

There is no disputing graphene is strong But new research by Rice University and the Georgia Institute of Technology should prompt manufacturers to look a little deeper as they consider the miracle material for applications ... - Read More

Novel membrane reveals water molecules will bounce off a liquid surface

Consider the nearest water surface a half full glass on your desk a puddle outside your window or a lake across town All of these surfaces represent liquid vapor interfaces where liquid meets air Molecules ... - Read More

Big data tackles tiny molecular machines

Open feed cut Such is the humdrum life of a motor molecule the subject of new research at Rice University that eats and excretes damaged proteins and turns them into harmless peptides for disposal The ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

The entropy of nations: Global energy inequality lessens, but for how long?

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More

Ethanol blends carry hidden risk

Methane, Methane
Blending more ethanol into fuel to cut air pollution from vehicles carries a hidden risk that toxic or even explosive gases may find their way into buildings according to researchers at Rice University Those problems ... - Read More
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