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News articles about "Pressure"

Airborne campaign preparing to probe pollution-climate link

Probe
The floor of a NASA hangar and an adjacent laboratory in Southern California's high desert have been in constant motion this month as scientists prepare their instruments for installation on two of the agency's specialized ... - Read More

Nanomaterials: Sized-up for strength

Experiments and numerical simulations show that miniaturized ultra small platinum cylinders weaken when their constituents are reduced in number Miniaturizing microscopic metallic objects while enhancing their strength is critical to developing high performance devices that ... - Read More

How does hydrogen metallize?

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Hydrogen is deceptively simple It has only a single electron per atom but it powers the sun and forms the majority of the observed universe As such it is naturally exposed to the entire range ... - Read More

Accurately testing exact hardness of a material, in depth

In today's precision manufacturing environment designers of products as diverse as car airbag sensors computer microchips drill bits and paint often need to know the mechanical properties of their materials' down to the nanometer scale ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Direct nitrogen fixation for low cost energy conversion

Nitrogen, nitrogen
A simple low cost and eco friendly method of creating nitrogen doped graphene nanoplatelets NGnPs which could be used in dye sensitized solar cells and fuel cells is published in Scientific Reports today The work ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Computing toxic chemicals

A new computational method for working out in advance whether a chemical will be toxic will be reporting in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics There is increasing pressure ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More

Levitation: Droplets surfing on sound waves

Sound, Sound waves
ETH researchers are able to make objects such as particles and liquid droplets fly in mid air by letting them ride on acoustic waves For the first time they have been able to also control ... - Read More

Bioengineers develop new approach to regenerate back discs

cells, cells
Cell therapies may stop or reverse the pain and disability of degenerative disc disease and the loss of material between vertebrae according to Duke University scientists The health conditions affect thousands of Americans To use ... - Read More

Nanomaterial to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions

University of Adelaide researchers have developed a new nanomaterial that could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal fired power stations The new nanomaterial described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society efficiently separates ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Superconductor created from solvent

A study led by Washington State University researchers has turned a fairly common non metallic solvent into a superconductor capable of transmitting electrical current with none of the resistance seen in conventional conductors It is ... - Read More

Surprise superconductor

Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity maintain a flow of electrons without any resistance This phenomenon can only be found in certain materials under specific low temperature ... - Read More

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in Breaching Age-Old Barrier

as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More

Sound waves precisely position nanowires

Sound, Sound waves
The smaller components become the more difficult it is to create patterns in an economical and reproducible way according to an interdisciplinary team of Penn State researchers who using sound waves can place nanowires in ... - Read More
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