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News articles about "Polymer"

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More

Artificial bone: Designing synthetic materials and quickly turning the design into reality with 3-D printing

Materials, materials
Researchers working to design new materials that are durable lightweight and environmentally sustainable are increasingly looking to natural composites such as bone for inspiration Bone is strong and tough because its two constituent materials soft ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

Light-carved 'nano-volcanoes' hold promise for drug delivery

Drug delivery, Nano
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a method for creating nano volcanoes by shining various colors of light through a nanoscale crystal ball made of a synthetic polymer These nano volcanoes can store ... - Read More

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation

Irradiation
New research shows that exposing polymer molecular sieve membranes to ultraviolet UV irradiation in the presence of oxygen produces highly permeable and selective membranes for more efficient molecular level separation an essential process in everything ... - Read More

Filmmaking magic with polymers

Polymers, Polymers, Polymers, polymers
Think about windows coated with transparent film that absorbs harmful ultraviolet sunrays and uses them to generate electricity Consider a water filtration membrane that blocks viruses and other microorganisms from water or an electric car ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

Testing artificial photosynthesis: Fully integrated microfluidic test-bed for solar-driven electrochemical energy conversion systems

Electrochemical, Photosynthesis
With the daily mean concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide having reached 400 parts per million for the first time in human history the need for carbon neutral alternatives to fossil fuel energy has never been ... - Read More

Nanotechnology and the secret life of knots

Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology
Nanotechnologies require a detailed knowledge of the molecular state For instance it is useful to know when and how a generic polymer a long chain of polymers chain of beads knots The study of molecular ... - Read More

The body electric: Researchers move closer to low-cost, implantable electronics, study suggests

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
New technology under development at The Ohio State University is paving the way for low cost electronic devices that work in direct contact with living tissue inside the body The first planned use of the ... - Read More

Scientists create novel silicon electrodes that improve lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries, Silicon
Stanford University scientists have dramatically improved the performance of lithium ion batteries by creating novel electrodes made of silicon and conducting polymer hydrogel a spongy material similar to that used in contact lenses and other ... - Read More

A step closer to artificial livers: Researchers identify compounds that help liver cells grow outside body

Compounds
Prometheus the mythological figure who stole fire from the gods was punished for this theft by being bound to a rock Each day an eagle swept down and fed on his liver which then grew ... - Read More

Biologists take snapshot of fleeting protein process

Protein, Protein, protein
Structural biologists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine BCM have captured the first three dimensional crystalline snapshot of a critical but fleeting process that takes place thousands of times per second in each ... - Read More

Organic polymers show sunny potential: Groundwork laid for block copolymer solar cells

cells, cells
A new version of solar cells created by laboratories at Rice and Pennsylvania State universities could open the door to research on a new class of solar energy devices The photovoltaic devices created in a ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanostructures for hostile environments

Nanostructures
Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by ... - Read More

Polymer breakthrough inspired by trees and ancient celtic knots

Polymer
A new slow motion method of controlling the synthesis of polymers which takes inspiration from both trees and Celtic Knots opens up new possibilities in areas including medical devices drug delivery elastics and adhesives Scientists ... - Read More

Better understanding of water's freezing behavior at nanoscale

The results of a new study led by George Washington University Professor Tianshu Li provide direct computational evidence that nucleation of ice in small droplets is strongly size dependent an important conclusion in understanding water's ... - Read More

Obtaining polymers with à la carte optical and electrical properties

Properties
By adding semiconducting nanoparticles to polymers the Materials + Technologies Research Group GMT of the Polytechnical College of San Sebastian of the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has created nanostructured composite materials with ... - Read More

Friction in the nano-world: Physicists discover a new kind of friction

Friction
Whether in vehicle transmissions hip replacements or tiny sensors for triggering airbags The respective components must slide against each other with minimum friction to prevent loss of energy and material wear Investigating the friction behavior ... - Read More

Engineered biomaterial could improve success of medical implants

Medical, Medical implants
It's a familiar scenario a patient receives a medical implant and days later the body attacks the artificial valve or device causing complications to an already compromised system Expensive state of the art medical devices ... - Read More
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