In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More
In an international collaborative project scientists have recorded the times places and concentrations of oceanic plankton occurrences worldwide Their data has been collected in a global atlas that covers organisms from bacteria to krill Oceans ... - Read More
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed with implications for future climate prediction Iron is key to the removal of ... - Read More
During heat waves when ozone production rises plants' ozone absorption is curtailed leaving more pollution in the air This resulted in the loss of an estimated 460 lives in the UK in the hot summer ... - Read More
Under the microscope they look like they could be from another planet but these microscopic organisms inhabit the depths of our oceans in nearly infinite numbers To begin to identify where when and how much ... - Read More
Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease A new study to be published in Nature's The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it ... - Read More
A team of MIT researchers has succeeded in carrying out the first systematic investigation of the factors that control boiling heat transfer from a surface to a liquid This process is crucial to the efficiency ... - Read More
form molecules of three carbon atoms during photosynthesis and they tend to photosynthesize more as atmospheric CO2 rises C4 plants form molecules of four carbon atoms But for C4 plants photosynthesis is saturated with CO2 ... - Read More
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More
Fears of depleting Earth's supply of oil are unwarranted according to new research which concludes that the demand for oil as opposed to the supply will reach its own peak and then decline Peak oil ... - Read More
Spurred by increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide forests over the last two decades have become dramatically more efficient in how they use water a Harvard study has found Studies have long predicted that plants ... - Read More
Increased levels of carbon dioxide CO2 have helped boost green foliage across the world's arid regions over the past 30 years through a process called CO2 fertilisation according to CSIRO research In findings based on ... - Read More
Environmental researchers at Harvard University have published evidence that significant reductions in mercury emissions will be necessary just to stabilize current levels of the toxic element in the environment So much mercury persists in surface ... - Read More
Plants that emit an airborne distress signal in response to herbivory may actually attract more enemies according to a new study published in the open access journal Frontiers in Plant Science A team of researchers ... - Read More
University of Utah researchers developed a new weapon to fight poachers who kill elephants hippos rhinos and other wildlife By measuring radioactive carbon 14 deposited in tusks and teeth by open air nuclear bomb tests ... - Read More
as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More
Arizona State University researchers have discovered for the first time that temperature determines where key soil microbes can thrive microbes that are critical to forming topsoil crusts in arid lands And of concern the scientists ... - Read More
A new study shows that the predator prey relationship can affect the flow of carbon through an ecosystem This previously unmeasured influence on the environment may offer a new way of looking at biodiversity management ... - Read More
New technology developed by the Research Group in Carbon Materials and Environmental prevents nitrous oxide decomposing it into nontoxic products The catalytic system is active efficient and stable over time and can purify gases emitted ... - Read More
The teeth of a kangaroo and other extinct marsupials reveal that southeastern Queensland 2.5 5 million years ago was a mosaic of tropical forests wetlands and grasslands and much less arid than previously thought The ... - Read More
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