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News articles about "Plants"

Bees and other pollinating insects are just one factor in food production

Food, Food, Food
No food for the human race without bees It is not quite as straightforward as that A case study by ecologists from ETH Zurich in a coffee growing area in India reveals that pollinating insects ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

White-tailed deer and the science of yellow snow

Science, Science
New research from wildlife ecologists at Michigan Technological University indicates that white tailed deer may be making the soil in their preferred winter homes unfit to grow the very trees that protect them there Bryan ... - Read More

New study predicts rising irrigation costs, reduced yields for U.S. corn

Water, Water, Water
If the climate continues to evolve as predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change the United States stands little to no chance of satisfying its current biofuel goals according to a new study by ... - Read More

Diet likely changed game for some hominids 3.5 million years ago

Carbon, carbon
A new look at the diets of ancient African hominids shows a game changer occurred about 3.5 million years ago when some members added grasses or sedges to their menus according to a new study ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Female moths use olfactory signals to choose the best egg-laying sites

Olfactory
Functional calcium imaging in the antennal lobes of a female Manduca sexta moth Different activation patterns red spots can be observed depending on whether the moths respond to Z 3 hexenyl acetate or E 2 ... - Read More

New study predicts rising irrigation costs, reduced yields for US corn

Water, Water, Water
If the climate continues to evolve as predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change the United States stands little to no chance of satisfying its current biofuel goals according to a new study by ... - Read More

Elevated carbon dioxide making arid regions greener

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Scientists have long suspected that a flourishing of green foliage around the globe observed since the early 1980s in satellite data springs at least in part from the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's ... - Read More

Volcanoes cause climate gas concentrations to vary

Gas
Trace gases and aerosols are major factors influencing the climate With the help of highly complex installations such as MIPAS on board of the ENVISAT satellite researchers try to better understand the processes in the ... - Read More

Scientists uncover how grapefruits provide a secret weapon in medical drug delivery

Medical, Drug delivery
Lipids right panel first three tubes derived from grapefruit GNVs can efficiently deliver a variety of therapeutic agents including DNA RNA DIR GNVs proteins and anti cancer drugs GNVs Drugs as demonstrated in this study ... - Read More

Amazon River exhales virtually all carbon taken up by rainforest

Carbon, carbon
The Amazon rain forest popularly known as the lungs of the planet inhales carbon dioxide as it exudes oxygen Plants use carbon dioxide from the air to grow parts that eventually fall to the ground ... - Read More

Reading rock to understand how climate change unfolds

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
What happened the last time a vegetated Earth shifted from an extremely cold climate to desert like conditions And what does it tell us about climate change today John Isbell is on a quest to ... - Read More

Research into carbon storage in Arctic tundra reveals unexpected insight into ecosystem resiliency

Carbon, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, carbon
When UC Santa Barbara doctoral student Seeta Sistla and her adviser environmental studies professor Josh Schimel went north not long ago to study how long term warming in the Arctic affects carbon storage they had ... - Read More

Artificial forest for solar water-splitting: First fully integrated artificial photosynthesis nanosystem

Photosynthesis
In the wake of the sobering news that atmospheric carbon dioxide is now at its highest level in at least three million years an important advance in the race to develop carbon neutral renewable energy ... - Read More

Natural 'keystone molecules' punch over their weight in ecosystems

Naturally occurring keystone molecules that have powerful behavioral effects on diverse organisms often play large but unrecognized roles in structuring ecosystems according to a theory proposed in the June issue of BioScience The authors of ... - Read More

Molecular basis of strawberry aroma

Molecular basis
You know that summer is here when juicy red strawberries start to appear on the shelves In Germany this seasonal fruit has never been more popular on average 3.5 kilos per head were consumed in ... - Read More

'Power plants': How to harvest electricity directly from plants

Plants, plants
The sun provides the most abundant source of energy on the planet However only a tiny fraction of the solar radiation on Earth is converted into useful energy To help solve this problem researchers at ... - Read More

Researchers find a way to make steel without greenhouse-gas emissions

Anyone who has seen pictures of the giant red hot cauldrons in which steel is made fed by vast amounts of carbon and belching flame and smoke would not be surprised to learn that steelmaking ... - Read More

Solar-powered nanofilters pump in antibiotics to clean contaminated water

Pump
Using the same devious mechanism that enables some bacteria to shrug off powerful antibiotics scientists have developed solar powered nanofilters that remove antibiotics from the water in lakes and rivers twice as efficiently as the ... - Read More
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