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News articles about "Plant"

Altering surface textures in 'counterintuitive manner' may lead to cooling efficiency gains

Nuclear
Researchers across the globe are racing to find ways to improve the cooling of hot surfaces for technologies ranging from small handheld electronics all the way to industrial sized applications such as nuclear power plants ... - Read More

Of hurricanes, fungus and Parkinson's disease

Scientists at Rutgers and Emory universities have discovered that a compound often emitted by mold may be linked to symptoms of Parkinson's disease Arati Inamdar and Joan Bennett researchers in the School of Environmental and ... - Read More

Defending food crops: Whitefly experimentation to prevent contamination of agriculture

Agriculture, crops
On November 8th JoVE the Journal of Visualized Experiments will introduce a new technique to aid in the development of defenses against diseases threatening food crops worldwide The method published under the title Transmitting Plant ... - Read More

Organizing programmed nanoparticles into highly complex nanostructures

Complex, Nanostructures
Animal and plant cells are prominent examples of how nature constructs ever larger units in a targeted preprogrammed manner using molecules as building blocks In nanotechnology scientists mimic this 'bottom up' technique by using the ... - Read More

Floods didn't provide nitrogen 'fix' for earliest crops in frigid north

crops
Floods didn't make floodplains fertile during the dawn of human agriculture in Earth's far north because the waters were virtually devoid of nitrogen unlike other areas of the globe scientists have studied Instead the hardy ... - Read More

New antifungal composition effectively inhibits wide variety of fungi

In order to overcome resistance to antifungal variety of pathogenic fungi and yeast researchers from the University of Alicante have developed a novel and efficient antifungal composition with pharmacological applications in agriculture and food industry ... - Read More

Clean Air Act has led to improved water quality in the Chesapeake Bay watershed

Water, Water, Water
A new study shows that the reduction of pollution emissions from power plants in the mid Atlantic is making an impact on the quality of the water that ends up in the Chesapeake Bay The ... - Read More

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research

The researchers from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have shown that mixing plutonium contaminated waste with blast furnace slag and turning it into glass reduces its volume by 85 95 per cent It ... - Read More

Tapping fungus to unlock energy: Crafting a better enzyme cocktail to turn plants into fuel faster

Fuel
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts The new research published in October ... - Read More

Warming will disturb balance of soil nutrients in drylands, make drylands less productive

Phosphorus, Nitrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus
An increase in aridity due to global warming will disturb the balance of nutrients in the soil and reduce productivity of the world's drylands which support millions of people a landmark study predicts The research ... - Read More

Breakthrough in study of aluminum should yield new technological advances

Yield
Researchers at Oregon State University and the University of Oregon today announced a scientific advance that has eluded researchers for more than 100 years a platform to study and fully understand the aqueous chemistry of ... - Read More

Shading system design based on model of the bird-of-paradise flower

System
An innovative folding mechanism without joints and hinges Prof Dr Jan Knippers from the Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design ITKE at the University of Stuttgart Prof Dr Thomas Speck Director of the Botanical ... - Read More

Scientists Battle Herbicide Resistance

Released 10 8 2013 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Mississippi State University Office of Agricultural Communications more news from this source By Keri Collins LewisMSU Ag Communications Oct 9 2013 STONEVILLE Mississippi State University scientists ... - Read More

Fique fibers from Andes Mountains part of miracle solution for dye pollution, find scientists

Solution
A cheap and simple process using natural fibers embedded with nanoparticles can almost completely rid water of harmful textile dyes in minutes report Cornell University and Colombian researchers who worked with native Colombian plant fibers ... - Read More

Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens

Plant, plant
In the first study of its kind Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called biochar can interfere with the chemical signals that some microbes use to communicate ... - Read More

New metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels

sugars
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels The new pathway is intended to replace ... - Read More

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered

Nitrogen fertilizer costs U S farmers approximately $8 billion each year and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams damaging the delicate water systems Now a discovery by a team of University ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Earth's history to be rewritten: Oxygen appeared 700 million years earlier than previously thought

Until now science has believed that oxygen in Earth's atmosphere has been around for roughly 2.3 billion years or roughly half way back along our planet's 4.6 billion year timeline However new research results provide ... - Read More
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