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News articles about "Plant"

Seasonal carbon dioxide range expanding as more is added to Earth's atmosphere

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Earth, Atmosphere, Atmosphere, carbon, earth
Levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere rise and fall each year as plants through photosynthesis and respiration take up the gas in spring and summer and release it in fall and winter Now the ... - Read More

Regulating electron 'spin' may be key to making organic solar cells competitive

cells, cells
Organic solar cells a new class of solar cell that mimics the natural process of plant photosynthesis could revolutionise renewable energy but currently lack the efficiency to compete with the more costly commercial silicon cells ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More

Long-sought method to efficiently make complex anticancer compound developed

Complex, Compound
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI have achieved the first efficient chemical synthesis of ingenol a highly complex plant derived compound that has long been of interest to drug developers for its anticancer potential ... - Read More

Could planting trees in the desert mitigate climate change?

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
As the world starts feeling the effects of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and consequent global temperature rise researchers are looking for a Plan B to mitigate climate change A group of German scientists has now ... - Read More

Scientists identify key fungal species that help explain mysteries of white nose syndrome

Fungi
U S Forest Service researchers have identified what may be a key to unraveling some of the mysteries of White Nose Syndrome the closest known non disease causing relatives of the fungus that causes WNS ... - Read More

Traditional forest management reduces fungal diversity

Fungi
In the beech groves of Navarre a team from the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has analysed the influence exerted by forestry management on the fungi populations that decompose wood There is a ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More

First atlas on oceanic plankton

Ocean, organisms, Ocean, organisms
In an international collaborative project scientists have recorded the times places and concentrations of oceanic plankton occurrences worldwide Their data has been collected in a global atlas that covers organisms from bacteria to krill Oceans ... - Read More

It's not just the heat, it's the ozone: Hidden heat wave dangers exposed

Heat
During heat waves when ozone production rises plants' ozone absorption is curtailed leaving more pollution in the air This resulted in the loss of an estimated 460 lives in the UK in the hot summer ... - Read More

Why crop rotation works: Change in crop species causes shift in soil microbes

Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease A new study to be published in Nature's The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it ... - Read More

Finding the keys to boiling heat transfer

A team of MIT researchers has succeeded in carrying out the first systematic investigation of the factors that control boiling heat transfer from a surface to a liquid This process is crucial to the efficiency ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide spurs wetlands to absorb more carbon

Carbon, carbon
form molecules of three carbon atoms during photosynthesis and they tend to photosynthesize more as atmospheric CO2 rises C4 plants form molecules of four carbon atoms But for C4 plants photosynthesis is saturated with CO2 ... - Read More

Trees use water more efficiently as atmospheric carbon dioxide rises

Atmospheric
Spurred by increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide forests over the last two decades have become dramatically more efficient in how they use water a Harvard study has found Studies have long predicted that plants ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Declines in ecosystem productivity fueled by nitrogen-induced species loss

Nitrogen, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, nitrogen
Humans have been affecting their environment since the ancestors of Homo sapiens first walked upright but never has their impact been more detrimental than in the 21st century The loss of biodiversity has much greater ... - Read More

Caterpillars attracted to plant SOS

Plant, plant
Plants that emit an airborne distress signal in response to herbivory may actually attract more enemies according to a new study published in the open access journal Frontiers in Plant Science A team of researchers ... - Read More
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