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News articles about "Plant"

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More

Soil production breaks geologic speed record

Earth, earth
Geologic time is shorthand for slow paced But new measurements from steep mountaintops in New Zealand show that rock can transform into soil more than twice as fast as previously believed possible The findings were ... - Read More

Renewable Chemical Ready for Biofuels Scale-Up

Using a plant derived chemical University of Wisconsin Madison researchers have developed a process for creating a concentrated stream of sugars that’s ripe with possibility for biofuels “With the sugar platform you have possibilities ” ... - Read More

New study: US power plant emissions down

Emissions
Power plants that use natural gas and a new technology to squeeze more energy from the fuel release far less of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide than coal fired power plants do according to a ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

Symbiotic fungi inhabiting plant roots have major impact on atmospheric carbon, scientists say

Fungi, Atmospheric
Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy

Battery, Renewable energy, Renewable
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid making power from renewable energy sources such as wind ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Big data project reveals where carbon-stocking projects in Africa provide greatest benefits

Carbon, carbon
It is increasingly recognized that climate change has the potential to threaten people and nature and that it is imperative to tackle the drivers of climate change namely greenhouse gases One way to slow climate ... - Read More

Drought and climate change: an uncertain future?

Drought frequency may increase by more than 20% in some regions of the globe by the end of the 21st century but it is difficult to be more precise as we don't know yet how ... - Read More

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light

Synthesis, Synthesis , Natural products
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More

Nitrogen deposition poses threat to diversity of Europe's forest vegetation

nitrogen, Nitrogen
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More

Piece-by-piece approach to emissions policies can be effective, study finds

New analysis shows that policies addressing energy consumption and technology choices individually can play an important part in reducing emissions Discussions on curbing climate change tend to focus on comprehensive emissions focused measures a global ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

Green innovator: Turning chicken feathers and plant fiber into eco-leather, bio-based circuit boards

Green
The Environmental Protection Agency has honored the University of Delaware's Richard Wool with its Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for his extensive work developing bio based materials to support the green energy infrastructure Wool was ... - Read More

Can we turn unwanted carbon dioxide into electricity?

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Researchers are developing a new kind of geothermal power plant that will lock away unwanted carbon dioxide CO2 underground and use it as a tool to boost electric power generation by at least 10 times ... - Read More

Risk assessment for pesticides in EU unsuitable for use in field

Risk assessment
The method used to approve pesticides in the EU needs to be revised This was confirmed by a recent study by the Institute for Environmental Sciences Landau According to the study the level of fungicides ... - Read More
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