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News articles about "Plant"

Rain as acidic as lemon juice may have contributed to ancient mass extinction

Lemon juice
Rain as acidic as undiluted lemon juice may have played a part in killing off plants and organisms around the world during the most severe mass extinction in Earth's history About 252 million years ago ... - Read More

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Underwater 'tree rings' show 650 years of sea ice change

sea, Ice
Almost 650 years of annual change in sea ice cover can been seen in the calcite crust growing among layers of seafloor algae says a new study from the University of Toronto Mississauga UTM This ... - Read More

Impacts of plant invasions become less robust over time: Invasive plants are more likely to be replaced by other 'invasives'

Time
Among the most impressive ecological findings of the past 25 years is the ability of invasive plants to radically change ecosystem function Yet few if any studies have examined whether ecosystem impacts of invasions persist ... - Read More

Magnetic nanoparticles could aid heat dissipation in nuclear plant cooling systems and electronics

Cooling systems generally rely on water pumped through pipes to remove unwanted heat Now researchers at MIT and in Australia have found a way of enhancing heat transfer in such systems by using magnetic fields ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Organic lights and solar cells straight from the printer

cells, cells
Flickering façades curved monitors flashing clothing fluorescent wallpaper flexible solar cells and all printable This is no make believe vision of the future it will soon be possible using a new printing process for organic ... - Read More

Putting a new spin on tokamak disruptions

Plasma
In the quest for fusion energy on earth researchers use magnetic fields to insulate hot plasma from the walls of the chamber to maintain the reaction and prevent damage to interior surfaces In the tokamak ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

Altering surface textures in 'counterintuitive manner' may lead to cooling efficiency gains

Nuclear
Researchers across the globe are racing to find ways to improve the cooling of hot surfaces for technologies ranging from small handheld electronics all the way to industrial sized applications such as nuclear power plants ... - Read More

Of hurricanes, fungus and Parkinson's disease

Scientists at Rutgers and Emory universities have discovered that a compound often emitted by mold may be linked to symptoms of Parkinson's disease Arati Inamdar and Joan Bennett researchers in the School of Environmental and ... - Read More

Defending food crops: Whitefly experimentation to prevent contamination of agriculture

Agriculture, crops
On November 8th JoVE the Journal of Visualized Experiments will introduce a new technique to aid in the development of defenses against diseases threatening food crops worldwide The method published under the title Transmitting Plant ... - Read More

Organizing programmed nanoparticles into highly complex nanostructures

Complex, Nanostructures
Animal and plant cells are prominent examples of how nature constructs ever larger units in a targeted preprogrammed manner using molecules as building blocks In nanotechnology scientists mimic this 'bottom up' technique by using the ... - Read More

Floods didn't provide nitrogen 'fix' for earliest crops in frigid north

crops
Floods didn't make floodplains fertile during the dawn of human agriculture in Earth's far north because the waters were virtually devoid of nitrogen unlike other areas of the globe scientists have studied Instead the hardy ... - Read More

New antifungal composition effectively inhibits wide variety of fungi

In order to overcome resistance to antifungal variety of pathogenic fungi and yeast researchers from the University of Alicante have developed a novel and efficient antifungal composition with pharmacological applications in agriculture and food industry ... - Read More

Clean Air Act has led to improved water quality in the Chesapeake Bay watershed

Water, Water, Water
A new study shows that the reduction of pollution emissions from power plants in the mid Atlantic is making an impact on the quality of the water that ends up in the Chesapeake Bay The ... - Read More

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research

The researchers from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have shown that mixing plutonium contaminated waste with blast furnace slag and turning it into glass reduces its volume by 85 95 per cent It ... - Read More

Tapping fungus to unlock energy: Crafting a better enzyme cocktail to turn plants into fuel faster

Fuel
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts The new research published in October ... - Read More
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