All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Physics"

The rub with friction: News rules of friction at the microscopic level

Here's the rub with friction scientists don't really know how it works Sure humans have been harnessing the power of friction since rubbing two sticks together to build the first fire but the physics of ... - Read More

Breakthrough in organic light emitting diodes technology

Organic light emitting diodes OLEDs which are made from carbon containing materials have the potential to revolutionize future display technologies making low power displays so thin they'll wrap or fold around other structures for instance ... - Read More

Supersonic electrons could produce future solar fuel

Researchers from institutions including Lund University have taken a step closer to producing solar fuel using artificial photosynthesis In a new study they have successfully tracked the electrons' rapid transit through a light converting molecule ... - Read More

Scientists trick the light fantastic

What if one day your computer TV or smart phone could process data with light waves instead of an electrical current making those devices faster cheaper and more sustainable through less heat and power consumption ... - Read More

Forbidden atomic transitions: Controlling matter 1,000 times more precisely using high-resolution spectroscopy

A new twist on an old tool lets scientists use light to study and control matter with 1 000 times better resolution and precision than previously possible Physicists at the University of Michigan have demonstrated ... - Read More

Predicting human crowds with statistical physics

For the first time researchers have directly measured a general law of how pedestrians interact in a crowd This law can be used to create realistic crowds in virtual reality games and to make public ... - Read More

Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics

High performance materials for gas storage thermal insulators or nanomachines need a thorough understanding of the behavior of the material down to the molecular level Thermodynamics which have been developed two hundred years ago to ... - Read More

Spin laser: Rapid data transfer thanks to quantum physics

RUB engineers have developed a new concept for accelerating data transfer in server farms To this end the team at the Chair of Photonics and Terahertz Technology applies a quantum mechanical variable i e the ... - Read More

Physicists offer a solution to the puzzle of the origin of matter in the universe

Most of the laws of nature treat particles and antiparticles equally but stars and planets are made of particles or matter and not antiparticles or antimatter That asymmetry which favors matter to a very small ... - Read More

Clusters of aluminum metal atoms become superconductive at surprisingly high temperatures

A superconductor that works at room temperature was long thought impossible but scientists at USC may have discovered a family of materials that could make it reality A team led by Vitaly Kresin professor of ... - Read More

Simple way to make and reconfigure complex emulsions

MIT researchers have devised a new way to make complex liquid mixtures known as emulsions that could have many applications in drug delivery sensing cleaning up pollutants and performing chemical reactions Many drugs vaccines cosmetics ... - Read More

Graphene shows potential as novel anti-cancer therapeutic strategy

University of Manchester scientists have used graphene to target and neutralise cancer stem cells while not harming other cells This new development opens up the possibility of preventing or treating a broad range of cancers ... - Read More

Cherenkov Effect improves radiation therapy for patients with cancer

The characteristic blue glow from a nuclear reactor is present in radiation therapy too Investigators from Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center led by Brian W Pogue PhD and PhD candidates Adam K Glaser and Rongxiao ... - Read More

Optical nanoantennas set the stage for a NEMS lab-on-a-chip revolution

Newly developed tiny antennas likened to spotlights on the nanoscale offer the potential to measure food safety identify pollutants in the air and even quickly diagnose and treat cancer according to the Australian scientists who ... - Read More

Using 'fuzzy logic' to optimize hybrid solar/battery systems

How did fuzzy logic help a group of researchers in Tunisia and Algeria create an ideal photovoltaic system that obeys the supply and demand principle and its delicate balance In the Journal of Renewable & ... - Read More

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms

Using ultracold atoms as a stand in for electrons a Rice University based team of physicists has simulated superconducting materials and made headway on a problem that's vexed physicists for nearly three decades The research ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Getting a grip on exotic atomic nuclei

A new model describing atomic nuclei proposed by a physicist from the University of Warsaw Faculty of Physics more accurately predicts the properties of various exotic isotopes that are created in supernova explosions or inside ... - Read More

Clearing up Europe's air pollution hotspots

Current air quality legislation in Europe will lead to significant improvements in particulate matter pollution but without further emission control efforts many areas of Europe will continue to see air pollution levels above the limits ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanorod ensembles release heat differently

Researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have revealed previously unobserved behaviors that show how details of the transfer of heat at the nanoscale causes nanoparticles to change shape in ensembles ... - Read More
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