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News articles about "Physics"

Modelling modules lead to higher-quality aluminium

The Norwegian project Modelling assisted Innovation for the Aluminium DC Casting Process MINAC has developed modelling tools that show the impact of even minute adjustments to the casting process on casthouse products The aluminium industry ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

Supercomputers join search for 'cheapium': Brute force computing used to find new materials

In the search for cheaper materials that mimic their purer more expensive counterparts researchers are abandoning hunches and intuition for theoretical models and pure computing power In a new study researchers from Duke University's Pratt ... - Read More

Simple, cheap way to increase solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More

Free code to help build better batteries

Lithium
Lithium ion batteries such as those used in electric vehicles are in high demand with a global market value expected to reach $33.1 billion in 2019. But their high price and short life need to ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More

Producing electricity on the Moon at night

Heat
Scientists from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and other international collaborators have proposed a system of mirrors processed lunar soil and a heat engine to provide energy to vehicles and crew during the lunar night ... - Read More

Researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses

Crystal
A team of material scientists chemical engineers and physicists from the University of Pennsylvania has made another advance in their effort to use liquid crystals as a medium for assembling structures In their earlier studies ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

Ways of the photoelectric effect; How physicists have learned how to select them

In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Radioactivity muddles alphabet of DNA

Curtin University researchers have shown natural radioactivity within DNA can alter chemical compounds providing a new pathway for genetic mutation The research recently published in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta General Subjects for the first time ... - Read More

Researchers develop advanced 3D 'force microscope'

Membrane proteins are the gatekeepers that allow information and molecules to pass into and out of a cell Until recently the microscopic study of these complex proteins has been restricted due to limitations of force ... - Read More

Ultrafast heating of water: This pot boils faster than you can watch it

Water, Water, Water
Scientists from the Hamburg Center for Free Electron Laser Science have devised a novel way to boil water in less than a trillionth of a second The theoretical concept which has not yet been demonstrated ... - Read More

Nanoparticles and their orbital positions

Physicists have developed a planet satellite model to precisely connect and arrange nanoparticles in three dimensional structures Inspired by the photosystems of plants and algae these artificial nanoassemblies might in the future serve to collect ... - Read More

Nanoscale friction: High energy losses in the vicinity of charge density waves

Friction, Density
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More

New results from inside the ozone hole

Ozone, Ozone
NASA scientists have revealed the inner workings of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica and found that declining chlorine in the stratosphere has not yet caused a recovery of the ozone hole More ... - Read More

Physicists provide answers for predicted behavior in relaxors: Thin films studied used in electronic devices

Thin films, Films
New research at the University of Arkansas shows that behavior can be predicted and understood in thin films made of materials called relaxors which can be used in electronic devices Physicists Sergey Prosandeev and Laurent ... - Read More

Noble gas molecule discovered in space

Gas, Space
A molecule containing a noble gas has been discovered in space by a team including astronomers from Cardiff University The find was made using a Cardiff led instrument aboard Europe's Herschel Space Observatory The molecule ... - Read More

Astronomers solve temperature mystery of planetary atmospheres

Astronomers
An atmospheric peculiarity Earth shares with Jupiter Saturn Uranus and Neptune is likely common to billions of planets University of Washington astronomers have found and knowing that may help in the search for potentially habitable ... - Read More
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