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News articles about "Physics"

Optimizing carbon nanotube arrays for use in hot spots

Arrays, Carbon nanotube
Experimental evidence and computer simulations suggest how to grow structures with the best trade offs between three desired characteristics strength flexibility and the ability to dissipate heat When engineers design devices they must often join ... - Read More

Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

Snapshots differentiate molecules from their mirror image

molecules, molecules
Small difference large effect Most biological molecules occur in two variants an original and its mirror image As a result they are related to one another like the left hand to the right For instance ... - Read More

New simulatable model displaying exotic quantum phenomena

Quantum, Quantum
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More

Physicists study coldest objects in universe

Light, Light
In a new study published today in the Institute of Physics and German Physical Society's New Journal of Physics a group of researchers from the UK and Australia have come up with a new way ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Ultra-sensitive force sensing with levitating nanoparticle

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
A recent study led by researchers of the Institute of Photonic Sciences ICFO achieved the highest force sensitivity ever observed with a nano mechanical resonator The scientific results of this study have been published in ... - Read More

What water looks like to DNA

Water, Water, Water
A team of biochemists and mathematicians have developed a sophisticated geometric model to predict how a biological molecule will interact with water molecules computing the results up to 20 times faster than other existing approaches ... - Read More

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion

If you want to get the most out of the sun you have to improve the performance of the materials used An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Single-atom bit forms smallest memory in the world

Atom, Atom, Atom
One atom equals one bit According to this design principle we would like to construct magnetic data memories in the future Presently a compound of several million atoms is needed to stabilize a magnetic bit ... - Read More

New antenna spreads good vibrations in fusion plasma

Plasma, Fusion
If you want to catch a firefly any old glass jar will do But when you're trying to bottle a star the goal of fusion energy research the bottle needs to be very special A ... - Read More

Fusion foe lends a helping hand: Recent experiments breathe new understanding into oxygen's role in fusion devices

Fusion
Although oxygen is required to sustain life oxygen sucks the life out of fusion by radiating away too much power from the high temperature plasma Accordingly great efforts are expended to reduce the oxygen found ... - Read More

Altering surface textures in 'counterintuitive manner' may lead to cooling efficiency gains

Nuclear
Researchers across the globe are racing to find ways to improve the cooling of hot surfaces for technologies ranging from small handheld electronics all the way to industrial sized applications such as nuclear power plants ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

Biosensor could help detect brain injuries during heart surgery

Protein, Protein, protein
Johns Hopkins engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery By doing so the device could help doctors ... - Read More

All aboard the nanotrain network: Tiny self-assembling transport networks, powered by nano-scale motors and controlled by DNA

Nano
Tiny self assembling transport networks powered by nano scale motors and controlled by DNA have been developed by scientists at Oxford University and Warwick University The system can construct its own network of tracks spanning ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More
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