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News articles about "Physics"

Sustainable Energy Is Focus of Plenary Talks at American Chemical Society Meeting

Advances in renewable and sustainable energy including mimicking photosynthesis and optimizing lithium ion batteries are the topics of three plenary talks at the 247th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society ACS ... - Read More

Staying cool in the nanoelectric universe by getting hot

Hot, Hot
As smartphones tablets and other gadgets become smaller and more sophisticated the heat they generate while in use increases This is a growing problem because it can cause the electronics inside the gadgets to fail ... - Read More

Physicists quantify temperature changes in metal nanowires

Using the interaction between light and charge fluctuations in metal nanostuctures called plasmons physicist have demonstrated the capability of measuring temperature changes in very small 3 D regions of space Plasmons can be thought of ... - Read More

Engineering new properties on ultra-thin nanomaterials: Tool opens door for design of new phases of materials

Physicists have engineered novel magnetic and electronic phases in the ultra thin films of in a specific electronic magnetic material opening the door for researchers to design new classes of material for the next generation ... - Read More

A 21st Century Adaptation of the Miller-Urey Origin of Life Experiments

and the Tokyo Institute of Technology were also involved “Miller was hesitant to encourage people to repeat the experiment due to the risk of inducing an explosion ” said Parker explaining why his lab chose ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Biomedical engineer pursues development of five-dimensional imaging technology

Virginia Tech biomedical engineering faculty member Guohua Cao director of the X Ray Systems Laboratory is leading an effort to develop a new type of X ray scanner that is an unprecedented five dimensional technology ... - Read More

'Standing on a comet': Rosetta mission will contribute to space weather research

A comet bound spacecraft that's been in sleep mode for more than two years is scheduled to wake up on the morning of Jan 20 beginning the home stretch of its decade long journey to ... - Read More

Refined model for reliable prediction of invasion dynamics

Dynamics
The question how rapidly animals plants or microorganisms can colonize new territories is not only of interest to ecologists the spread of invasive species can also have economic consequences e g in the agricultural sector ... - Read More

Scientists discover new pathway for artificial photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities for chemists Currently ... - Read More

Researchers 'detune' a molecule: Scientists control the bonds between atoms in a buckyball

Molecule, molecule
Rice University scientists have found they can control the bonds between atoms in a molecule The molecule in question is carbon 60 also known as the buckminsterfullerene and the buckyball discovered at Rice in 1985. ... - Read More

Sudden thickening of complex fluids modeled

Complex
A new model by a team of researchers with The City College of New York's Benjamin Levich Institute may shed new understanding on the phenomenon known as discontinuous shear thickening DST in which the resistance ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles help to develop a new method for tracking viruses

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
Researchers at the Nanoscience Center NSC of University of Jyväskylä in Finland have developed a novel method to study enterovirus structures and their functions The method will help to obtain new information on trafficking of ... - Read More

Viewing macro behaviors of ultra-cold quantum gases through the micro-world

Understanding collective behavior of ultra cold quantum gases is of great interest since it is intimately related to many encountered systems in nature such as human behavior swarms of birds traffic jam sand dunes neutron ... - Read More

Modelling modules lead to higher-quality aluminium

The Norwegian project Modelling assisted Innovation for the Aluminium DC Casting Process MINAC has developed modelling tools that show the impact of even minute adjustments to the casting process on casthouse products The aluminium industry ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

Supercomputers join search for 'cheapium': Brute force computing used to find new materials

In the search for cheaper materials that mimic their purer more expensive counterparts researchers are abandoning hunches and intuition for theoretical models and pure computing power In a new study researchers from Duke University's Pratt ... - Read More

Simple, cheap way to increase solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More

Free code to help build better batteries

Lithium
Lithium ion batteries such as those used in electric vehicles are in high demand with a global market value expected to reach $33.1 billion in 2019. But their high price and short life need to ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More
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