A collaboration between researchers from KEK the Institute for Basic Science IBS the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology KAIST RIKEN and the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute JASRI used the SACLA X ray ... - Read More
To combat climate change President Obama has called for an 80 percent reduction in carbon dioxide CO2 emissions by 2050. To help achieve this goal the President has encouraged big investments in wind solar and ... - Read More
Most of our food medicine fuel plastics and synthetic fibers wouldn't exist without catalysts materials that open favorable pathways for chemical reactions to run forth And yet chemists don't fully understand how most catalysts work ... - Read More
Released 9 Feb 2015 6 00 PM ESTEmbargo expired 12 Feb 2015 2 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom University of Utah more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Science ... - Read More
Scientists at the Helmholtz Center for Materials and Energy HZB in collaboration with the School of Chemistry and ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science at Monash University Australia have precisely characterized a manganese catalyst's ... - Read More
Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More
A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More
An international team including scientists from Arizona State University the University of Milwaukee Madison UMW and Germany's Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY have caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work using an X ray laser Their ... - Read More
MIT biological engineers have created a new computer model that allows them to design the most complex three dimensional DNA shapes ever produced including rings bowls and geometric structures such as icosahedrons that resemble viral ... - Read More
Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More
Photosynthesis is one of the most important processes in nature The complex method by which all green plants harvest sunlight and thereby produce the oxygen in our air is still not fully understood Researchers have ... - Read More
A world without plants would be a world without oxygen uninhabitable for us and for many creatures We know plants release oxygen by absorbing carbon dioxide and breaking down water using sunlight through the process ... - Read More
Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More
When we talk about global carbon fixation pumping carbon out of the atmosphere and fixing it into organic molecules by photosynthesis proper measurement is key to understanding this process By some estimates almost half of ... - Read More
Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More
About one fifth of Earth's atmosphere is oxygen pumped out by green plants as a result of photosynthesis and used by most living things on the planet to keep our metabolisms running But before the ... - Read More
Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More
Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More
Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More
By carefully controlling the position of an atomic scale diamond defect within a volume smaller than what some viruses would fill researchers have cleared a path toward better quantum computers and nanoscale sensors They describe ... - Read More
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