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News articles about "Photosynthesis"

Methane oxidation fuelled by algal oxygen production

Methane emissions are strongly reduced in lakes with anoxic bottom waters But here contrary to what has previously been assumed methane removal is not due to archaea or anaerobic bacteria A new study on Lake ... - Read More

Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink

In a high carbon dioxide world the trees would come out ahead Except for the munching bugs A new study published in Nature Plants shows that hungry plant eating insects may limit the ability of ... - Read More

Supersonic electrons could produce future solar fuel

Researchers from institutions including Lund University have taken a step closer to producing solar fuel using artificial photosynthesis In a new study they have successfully tracked the electrons' rapid transit through a light converting molecule ... - Read More

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Direct observation of bond formations

A collaboration between researchers from KEK the Institute for Basic Science IBS the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology KAIST RIKEN and the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute JASRI used the SACLA X ray ... - Read More

Going negative with carbon

To combat climate change President Obama has called for an 80 percent reduction in carbon dioxide CO2 emissions by 2050. To help achieve this goal the President has encouraged big investments in wind solar and ... - Read More

Step toward rational design of catalysts: Better catalysts, made-to-order

Most of our food medicine fuel plastics and synthetic fibers wouldn't exist without catalysts materials that open favorable pathways for chemical reactions to run forth And yet chemists don't fully understand how most catalysts work ... - Read More

Better Catalysts, Made-to-Order

Released 9 Feb 2015 6 00 PM ESTEmbargo expired 12 Feb 2015 2 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom University of Utah more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Science ... - Read More

Path to artificial photosynthesis? Manganese catalyst's electronic states characterized

Scientists at the Helmholtz Center for Materials and Energy HZB in collaboration with the School of Chemistry and ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science at Monash University Australia have precisely characterized a manganese catalyst's ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

New research paves the way for nano-movies of biomolecules

An international team including scientists from Arizona State University the University of Milwaukee Madison UMW and Germany's Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY have caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work using an X ray laser Their ... - Read More

Computer model enables design of complex DNA shapes

MIT biological engineers have created a new computer model that allows them to design the most complex three dimensional DNA shapes ever produced including rings bowls and geometric structures such as icosahedrons that resemble viral ... - Read More

Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More

X-ray vision of photosynthesis: New technique facilitates analysis of biomolecules in a near-natural state

Photosynthesis is one of the most important processes in nature The complex method by which all green plants harvest sunlight and thereby produce the oxygen in our air is still not fully understood Researchers have ... - Read More

Scientists' new analysis of plant proteins advances our understanding of photosynthesis

A world without plants would be a world without oxygen uninhabitable for us and for many creatures We know plants release oxygen by absorbing carbon dioxide and breaking down water using sunlight through the process ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Ocean's living carbon pumps: When viruses attack giant algal blooms, global carbon cycles are affected

When we talk about global carbon fixation pumping carbon out of the atmosphere and fixing it into organic molecules by photosynthesis proper measurement is key to understanding this process By some estimates almost half of ... - Read More

In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More

Making oxygen before life: Oxygen can form directly from carbon dioxide in upper atmosphere

About one fifth of Earth's atmosphere is oxygen pumped out by green plants as a result of photosynthesis and used by most living things on the planet to keep our metabolisms running But before the ... - Read More
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