The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More
Hospital germs can be fatal since they are resistant to antibiotics As a result alternative methods of defense against bacteria are in demand Fortunately a German French research team has been able to develop bone ... - Read More
Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More
Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More
Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes LEDs brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride GaN with a layer of phosphorus ... - Read More
The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More
Scientists have known for years that together bacteria and plants can remediate contaminated sites Ramakrishna Wusirika of Michigan Technological University has determined that how you add bacteria to the mix can make a big difference ... - Read More
University of Toronto researchers have developed a series of techniques to create a variety of very active iron based catalysts necessary to produce the alcohols and amines used in the drug and perfume industry The ... - Read More
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More
The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More
An increase in aridity due to global warming will disturb the balance of nutrients in the soil and reduce productivity of the world's drylands which support millions of people a landmark study predicts The research ... - Read More
The Mississippi River Basin is home to much of the United States' fertile crop land Though we need our food and energy crops their production has led to an increase in the levels of nutrients ... - Read More
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More
The cyclic wobble of Earth on its axis controls the production of a nutrient essential to the health of the ocean according to a new study in the journal Nature The discovery of factors that ... - Read More
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide nitrogen and phosphorus Plankton plays an important role in the ocean's carbon cycle by removing ... - Read More
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More
Using a special electron beam apparatus scientists at Bielefeld University can determine the precise three dimensional structure of gaseous molecules To do this Professor Dr Norbert Mitzel's research team analyses the molecules in their gaseous ... - Read More
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