Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More
Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More
Fertilizers are known to promote the growth of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater and oceans worldwide but a new multi institution study shows the aquatic microbes themselves can drive nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in a ... - Read More
Two research teams working in the same laboratories at UNSW Australia have found distinct solutions to a critical challenge that has held back the realisation of super powerful quantum computers The teams created two types ... - Read More
Defects damage the ideal properties of many two dimensional materials like carbon based graphene Phosphorus just shrugs That makes it a promising candidate for nano electronic applications that require stable properties according to new research ... - Read More
The sea grass beds of Long Island's Great South Bay once teemed with shellfish Clams scallops and oysters filtered nutrients from the water and flushed money through the local economy But three decades after the ... - Read More
A research team led by group leader Yung Eun Sung has announced that they have developed cost effective technology to synthesize sulfur doped and nitrogen doped graphenes which can be applied as high performance electrodes ... - Read More
The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More
Hospital germs can be fatal since they are resistant to antibiotics As a result alternative methods of defense against bacteria are in demand Fortunately a German French research team has been able to develop bone ... - Read More
Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More
Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More
Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes LEDs brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride GaN with a layer of phosphorus ... - Read More
The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More
Scientists have known for years that together bacteria and plants can remediate contaminated sites Ramakrishna Wusirika of Michigan Technological University has determined that how you add bacteria to the mix can make a big difference ... - Read More
University of Toronto researchers have developed a series of techniques to create a variety of very active iron based catalysts necessary to produce the alcohols and amines used in the drug and perfume industry The ... - Read More
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More
The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More
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