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News articles about "Phases"

Size matters as nanocrystals go through phases

Phases, nanocrystals
Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications ... - Read More

Oxygen 'sponge' presents path to better catalysts, energy materials

Catalysts
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new oxygen sponge that can easily absorb or shed oxygen atoms at low temperatures Materials with these novel characteristics would be useful ... - Read More

Biologists name newly discovered threadworm after physicist Max Planck

Biology, biology, Biology
Biologists in Tübingen working with Ralf J Sommer have named a newly discovered nematode after a German Nobel laureate Pristionchus maxplancki is thus the first species to carry the name of the scientist who died ... - Read More

A new way to trap light: Phenomenon could lead to new types of lasers and sensors

Light, Light
There are several ways to trap a beam of light usually with mirrors other reflective surfaces or high tech materials such as photonic crystals But now researchers at MIT have discovered a new method to ... - Read More

Discovery of new material state counterintuitive to laws of physics

New material
When you squeeze something it gets smaller Unless you're at Argonne National Laboratory At the suburban Chicago laboratory a group of scientists has seemingly defied the laws of physics and found a way to apply ... - Read More

Whispering light hears liquids talk

Light, Light
Ever been to a whispering gallery a quiet circular space underneath an old cathedral dome that captures and amplifies sounds as quiet as a whisper Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign are ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

DNA-guided assembly yields novel ribbon-like nanostructures

Nanostructures
Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered that DNA linker strands coax nano sized rods to line up in way unlike any other spontaneous arrangement of rod shaped objects ... - Read More

Obtaining polymers with à la carte optical and electrical properties

Properties
By adding semiconducting nanoparticles to polymers the Materials + Technologies Research Group GMT of the Polytechnical College of San Sebastian of the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has created nanostructured composite materials with ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

Shaking things up: Researchers propose new old way to purify carbon nanotubes

Carbon nanotubes
An old somewhat passé trick used to purify protein samples based on their affinity for water has found new fans at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST where materials scientists are using it ... - Read More

Counter-intuitive behavior of microgel composed of soft polymer blobs

Being a physicist offers many perks For one it allows an understanding of the substances ubiquitous in everyday industrial products such as emulsions gels granular pastes or foams These are known for their intermediate behaviour ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Topic of Dozens of New Scientific Reports This Week

intramolecular or intermolecular Here we report results on radical cation stability and reactivity for possible redox shuttles in order to understand the possible mechanisms for the shuttle reaction in batteries DFT design and study of ... - Read More

Material turns 'schizophrenic' on way to superconductivity

Material, Material
Rice University physicists on the hunt for the origins of high temperature superconductivity have published new findings this week about a material that becomes schizophrenic simultaneously exhibiting the characteristics of both a metallic conductor and ... - Read More

Light tsunami in a superconductor

Light, Light
In their latest experiment Prof Andrea Cavalleri from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter at the Hamburg based Center for Free Electron Laser Science CFEL and Dr Michael Gensch from ... - Read More

Inorganic materials display massive and instantaneous swelling and shrinkage

Inorganic
The first observation of massive swelling and shrinkage of inorganic layered materials like a biological cell provides insights into the production of two dimensional crystals Share This See Also Materials Science Civil Engineering Weapons Technology ... - Read More

Lunar cycle determines hunting behavior of nocturnal gulls

Water, Water, Water
Zooplankton small fish and squid spend hardly any time at the surface when there's a full moon To protect themselves from their natural enemies they hide deeper down in the water on bright nights coming ... - Read More

Quantum computing? Physicists' new technique for cooling molecules may be a stepping stone to quantum computing

Quantum, Quantum
The next generation of computers promises far greater power and faster processing speeds than today's silicon based based machines These quantum computers so called because they would harness the unique quantum mechanical properties of atomic ... - Read More

Magnetic fingerprints of interface defects in silicon solar cells detected

Silicon
Using a highly sensitive method of measurement HZB physicists have managed to localize defects in amorphous crystalline silicon heterojunction solar cells Now for the first time ever using computer simulations at Paderborn University the scientists ... - Read More
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