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News articles about "Phases"

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Exotic states materialize with supercomputers

Scientists used supercomputers to find a new class of materials that possess an exotic state of matter known as the quantum spin Hall effect The researchers published their results in the journal Science in December ... - Read More

Global warming doubles risk of extreme La Niña event, research shows

The risk of extreme La Niña events in the Pacific Ocean could double due to global warming new research has shown The projected twofold increase in the frequency of this potentially devastating weather phenomenon across ... - Read More

Harnessing bacteria to move microscopic gears and ratchets

Computer simulations at OIST suggest new applications in industry by harnessing active microscopic particles in fluids Previous research has already demonstrated that substantial quantities of self motile or active agents such as bacteria in a ... - Read More

Predicting properties of the surface of titanium dioxide crystals

An article in Physical Review Letters which was written by a group of researchers led by Qinggao Wang from MIPT's Laboratory of Computer Design of New Materials investigates the surface of titanium dioxide crystals We ... - Read More

Magic numbers of quantum matter revealed by cold atoms

Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More

Radiochemistry Annex: It's Getting Hot in There

Released 24 Dec 2014 11 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Department of Energy Office of Science more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Dec 25 2014 Daniel Kaplan and Peter ... - Read More

New study measures methane emissions from natural gas production and offers insights into two large sources

A team of researchers from the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin and environmental testing firm URS reports that a small subset of natural gas wells are responsible for the ... - Read More

Meteorology meets metrology: Climate research high up in the clouds

Barely has the research aircraft HALO entered the kilometre high clouds towering above the Brazilian rainforest than the researchers find themselves in a complete haze but they can rely on the measuring instruments that are ... - Read More

A Better Look at the Chemistry of Interfaces

Released 2 Dec 2014 1 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature CommunicationsDec 3 2014 Researchers working at the ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Lithium injections show promise for optimizing the performance of fusion plasmas

Experiments on the DIII D tokamak that General Atomics operates for the U S Department of Energy DOE have demonstrated the ability of lithium injections to transiently double the temperature and pressure at the edge ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Mineralization of sand particles boosts microbial water filtration

Mineral coatings on sand particles actually encourage microbial activity in the rapid sand filters that are used to treat groundwater for drinking according to a paper published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology ... - Read More

Improvements in fuel cell design

Fuel cells could possibly replace the batteries of mobile phones and laptop computers and the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country is looking at ways of enhancing their efficiency Researchers in the renewable energy ... - Read More

How salt causes buildings to crumble

Salt crystals are often responsible when buildings start to show signs of ageing Researchers from the Institute for Building Materials have studied salt damage in greater depth and can now predict weathering processes more accurately ... - Read More

Researchers watch lipid molecules in motion

Researchers from Göttingen in collaboration with colleagues from Augsburg have 'filmed' the movement of lipid molecules using an X ray stroboscope at DESY In the scientific journal Physical Review Letters researchers lead by Professor Tim ... - Read More

How to estimate energy footprint in highways

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid have developed an application to estimate energy footprint in highways This application software HERA was developed by researchers of The Transport Research Centre TRANSyT at the Universidad Politécnica ... - Read More

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems

Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter The researchers are not shining light through crystal they are transforming light into ... - Read More
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