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News articles about "Phases"

Lithium injections show promise for optimizing the performance of fusion plasmas

Experiments on the DIII D tokamak that General Atomics operates for the U S Department of Energy DOE have demonstrated the ability of lithium injections to transiently double the temperature and pressure at the edge ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Mineralization of sand particles boosts microbial water filtration

Mineral coatings on sand particles actually encourage microbial activity in the rapid sand filters that are used to treat groundwater for drinking according to a paper published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology ... - Read More

Improvements in fuel cell design

Fuel cells could possibly replace the batteries of mobile phones and laptop computers and the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country is looking at ways of enhancing their efficiency Researchers in the renewable energy ... - Read More

How salt causes buildings to crumble

Salt crystals are often responsible when buildings start to show signs of ageing Researchers from the Institute for Building Materials have studied salt damage in greater depth and can now predict weathering processes more accurately ... - Read More

Researchers watch lipid molecules in motion

Researchers from Göttingen in collaboration with colleagues from Augsburg have 'filmed' the movement of lipid molecules using an X ray stroboscope at DESY In the scientific journal Physical Review Letters researchers lead by Professor Tim ... - Read More

How to estimate energy footprint in highways

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid have developed an application to estimate energy footprint in highways This application software HERA was developed by researchers of The Transport Research Centre TRANSyT at the Universidad Politécnica ... - Read More

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems

Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter The researchers are not shining light through crystal they are transforming light into ... - Read More

Atmospheric Mercury Review Raises Concerns of Environmental Impact

Released 28 Aug 2014 10 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Arkansas at Little Rock more news from this source Expert Available Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Energy and Emissions Control ... - Read More

Efficient structures help build a sustainable future

When envisioning a new structure engineers often have to balance design choices against the environmental impact of materials used It is estimated that 40 to 50 percent of greenhouse gases are produced by the construction ... - Read More

The quantum dance of oxygen: Proposal for a new phase of the element, when atoms dance in quartets

Under extremely high pressure conditions oxygen molecules group into quartets and give rise to a dance of their magnetic moments This as observed in a new study carried out by SISSA in collaboration with ICTP ... - Read More

Up in flames: Evidence confirms combustion theory

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Berkeley Lab and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas phase molecules into solid particles like soot ... - Read More

Study helps unlock mystery of high-temp superconductors

A Binghamton University physicist and his colleagues say they have unlocked one key mystery surrounding high temperature superconductivity Their research published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found a remarkable ... - Read More

Creating tabletop light sources in the lab: Physicist builds useful light source from harmonic generation

A Kansas State University physicist's proposal may lead to a new way of creating tabletop light sources in the laboratory Cheng Jin research associate in physics Chii Dong Lin university distinguished professor of physics and ... - Read More

Clues for superconductivity in an iron-based material

For the first time scientists have a clearer understanding of how to control the appearance of a superconducting phase in a material adding crucial fundamental knowledge and perhaps setting the stage for advances in the ... - Read More

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

New tool to investigate the chemistry of nature: Laser-based tabletop setup generates ultrashort XUV light pulses

The Aziz' team at the Joint Laboratory between Freie Universität Berlin and HZB has built a laser based tabletop setup which generates ultrashort XUV light pulses and achieves their monochromatization by implementing special reflection zone ... - Read More

An experiment recreates the crust of Jupiter's moon Europa

Water salts and gases dissolved in the huge ocean that scientists believe could exist below Europa´s icy crust can rise to the surface generating the enigmatic geological formations associated to red tinged materials that can ... - Read More

Mapping behavior of charges in correlated spin-orbit coupled materials: Electronic disruption prods Mott insulator's conversion to metallic state

In a relatively recently discovered class of materials known as spin orbit Mott insulators theorists have predicted the emergence of new properties at points just beyond the insulating state when electronic manipulation can transform these ... - Read More
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