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News articles about "Phases"

Atmospheric Mercury Review Raises Concerns of Environmental Impact

Released 28 Aug 2014 10 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Arkansas at Little Rock more news from this source Expert Available Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Energy and Emissions Control ... - Read More

Efficient structures help build a sustainable future

When envisioning a new structure engineers often have to balance design choices against the environmental impact of materials used It is estimated that 40 to 50 percent of greenhouse gases are produced by the construction ... - Read More

The quantum dance of oxygen: Proposal for a new phase of the element, when atoms dance in quartets

Under extremely high pressure conditions oxygen molecules group into quartets and give rise to a dance of their magnetic moments This as observed in a new study carried out by SISSA in collaboration with ICTP ... - Read More

Up in flames: Evidence confirms combustion theory

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Berkeley Lab and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas phase molecules into solid particles like soot ... - Read More

Study helps unlock mystery of high-temp superconductors

A Binghamton University physicist and his colleagues say they have unlocked one key mystery surrounding high temperature superconductivity Their research published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found a remarkable ... - Read More

Creating tabletop light sources in the lab: Physicist builds useful light source from harmonic generation

A Kansas State University physicist's proposal may lead to a new way of creating tabletop light sources in the laboratory Cheng Jin research associate in physics Chii Dong Lin university distinguished professor of physics and ... - Read More

Clues for superconductivity in an iron-based material

For the first time scientists have a clearer understanding of how to control the appearance of a superconducting phase in a material adding crucial fundamental knowledge and perhaps setting the stage for advances in the ... - Read More

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

New tool to investigate the chemistry of nature: Laser-based tabletop setup generates ultrashort XUV light pulses

The Aziz' team at the Joint Laboratory between Freie Universität Berlin and HZB has built a laser based tabletop setup which generates ultrashort XUV light pulses and achieves their monochromatization by implementing special reflection zone ... - Read More

An experiment recreates the crust of Jupiter's moon Europa

Water salts and gases dissolved in the huge ocean that scientists believe could exist below Europa´s icy crust can rise to the surface generating the enigmatic geological formations associated to red tinged materials that can ... - Read More

Mapping behavior of charges in correlated spin-orbit coupled materials: Electronic disruption prods Mott insulator's conversion to metallic state

In a relatively recently discovered class of materials known as spin orbit Mott insulators theorists have predicted the emergence of new properties at points just beyond the insulating state when electronic manipulation can transform these ... - Read More

Engineering new properties on ultra-thin nanomaterials: Tool opens door for design of new phases of materials

Physicists have engineered novel magnetic and electronic phases in the ultra thin films of in a specific electronic magnetic material opening the door for researchers to design new classes of material for the next generation ... - Read More

What makes superalloys super? Hierarchical microstructure of a superalloy

Superalloys
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles help to develop a new method for tracking viruses

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
Researchers at the Nanoscience Center NSC of University of Jyväskylä in Finland have developed a novel method to study enterovirus structures and their functions The method will help to obtain new information on trafficking of ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More

Molecular sensor detects early signs of multiple sclerosis, study finds

Signs
For some the disease multiple sclerosis MS attacks its victims slowly and progressively over a period of many years For others it strikes without warning in fits and starts But all patients share one thing ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More
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