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News articles about "Phases"

Keeping the Ions Close: A New Activity

Released 28 Aug 2015 1 45 PM EDTSource Newsroom Department of Energy Office of Science more news from this source Add to Favorites Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Journal of Physical ... - Read More

Magnetic quantum crystals

In experiments with ultracold rubidium atoms MPQ scientists create magnetic quantum crystals made of gigantic Rydberg atoms Materials with a defined crystal structure are a familiar phenomenon in condensed matter physics A crystal exhibits a ... - Read More

Nuclear weapon modernization program

Sandia National Laboratories has begun making silicon wafers for three nuclear weapon modernization programs the largest production series in the history of its Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications complex MESA's silicon fab in October began ... - Read More

New transitory form of silica observed

A Carnegie led team was able to discover five new forms of silica under extreme pressures at room temperature Their findings are published by Nature Communications Silicon dioxide commonly called silica is one of the ... - Read More

Materials research could unlock potential of lithium-sulfur batteries

Drexel researchers along with colleagues at Aix Marseille University in France have discovered a high performance cathode material with great promise for use in next generation lithium sulfur batteries that could one day be used ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Exotic states materialize with supercomputers

Scientists used supercomputers to find a new class of materials that possess an exotic state of matter known as the quantum spin Hall effect The researchers published their results in the journal Science in December ... - Read More

Global warming doubles risk of extreme La Niña event, research shows

The risk of extreme La Niña events in the Pacific Ocean could double due to global warming new research has shown The projected twofold increase in the frequency of this potentially devastating weather phenomenon across ... - Read More

Harnessing bacteria to move microscopic gears and ratchets

Computer simulations at OIST suggest new applications in industry by harnessing active microscopic particles in fluids Previous research has already demonstrated that substantial quantities of self motile or active agents such as bacteria in a ... - Read More

Predicting properties of the surface of titanium dioxide crystals

An article in Physical Review Letters which was written by a group of researchers led by Qinggao Wang from MIPT's Laboratory of Computer Design of New Materials investigates the surface of titanium dioxide crystals We ... - Read More

Magic numbers of quantum matter revealed by cold atoms

Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More

Radiochemistry Annex: It's Getting Hot in There

Released 24 Dec 2014 11 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Department of Energy Office of Science more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Dec 25 2014 Daniel Kaplan and Peter ... - Read More

New study measures methane emissions from natural gas production and offers insights into two large sources

A team of researchers from the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin and environmental testing firm URS reports that a small subset of natural gas wells are responsible for the ... - Read More

Meteorology meets metrology: Climate research high up in the clouds

Barely has the research aircraft HALO entered the kilometre high clouds towering above the Brazilian rainforest than the researchers find themselves in a complete haze but they can rely on the measuring instruments that are ... - Read More

A Better Look at the Chemistry of Interfaces

Released 2 Dec 2014 1 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature CommunicationsDec 3 2014 Researchers working at the ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Lithium injections show promise for optimizing the performance of fusion plasmas

Experiments on the DIII D tokamak that General Atomics operates for the U S Department of Energy DOE have demonstrated the ability of lithium injections to transiently double the temperature and pressure at the edge ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Mineralization of sand particles boosts microbial water filtration

Mineral coatings on sand particles actually encourage microbial activity in the rapid sand filters that are used to treat groundwater for drinking according to a paper published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology ... - Read More
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