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News articles about "Phase"

Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst

A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania titanium dioxide the basis of self cleaning window technology has been made by scientists at UCL uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our ... - Read More

Scientists reveal structure of a supercooled liquid

Structure, Structure
The experimental work which was performed at the German Electron Synchrotron Facility DESY in Hamburg involved levitating hot metal droplets and observing them as they cooled by irradiating them with x rays from one of ... - Read More

New Catalyst Could Cut Cost of Making Hydrogen Fuel

Released 7 2 2013 2 15 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Jul 2 2013 MADISON – A discovery at the University of Wisconsin Madison may represent a significant ... - Read More

Designing a cleaner future: Bicyclean helps recycle e-waste in developing nations

developing
A slum on the outskirts of Accra Ghana received major media attention in 2010 and 2011 when the outside world realized where computers go to die In an area called Agbogbloshie impoverished residents were burning ... - Read More

New 'embryonic' subduction zone found

Oceans
A new subduction zone forming off the coast of Portugal heralds the beginning of a cycle that will see the Atlantic Ocean close as continental Europe moves closer to America Published in Geology new research ... - Read More

Silicon-based nanoparticles could make LEDs cheaper, greener to produce

Silicon-based, Silicon
Light emitting diodes or LEDs are the most efficient and environmentally friendly light bulbs on the market But they come at a higher up front price than other bulbs especially the ones with warmer and ... - Read More

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

Scientists create novel silicon electrodes that improve lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries, Silicon
Stanford University scientists have dramatically improved the performance of lithium ion batteries by creating novel electrodes made of silicon and conducting polymer hydrogel a spongy material similar to that used in contact lenses and other ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

Scientists uncover how grapefruits provide a secret weapon in medical drug delivery

Medical, Drug delivery
Lipids right panel first three tubes derived from grapefruit GNVs can efficiently deliver a variety of therapeutic agents including DNA RNA DIR GNVs proteins and anti cancer drugs GNVs Drugs as demonstrated in this study ... - Read More

Research into carbon storage in Arctic tundra reveals unexpected insight into ecosystem resiliency

Carbon, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, carbon
When UC Santa Barbara doctoral student Seeta Sistla and her adviser environmental studies professor Josh Schimel went north not long ago to study how long term warming in the Arctic affects carbon storage they had ... - Read More

Obtaining polymers with à la carte optical and electrical properties

Properties
By adding semiconducting nanoparticles to polymers the Materials + Technologies Research Group GMT of the Polytechnical College of San Sebastian of the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has created nanostructured composite materials with ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

Graphene quantum dots may someday tell if it will rain on Mars

Quantum dots, Mars
The latest research from a Kansas State University chemical engineer may help improve humidity and pressure sensors particularly those used in outer space Vikas Berry William H Honstead professor of chemical engineering and his research ... - Read More

'Going negative' pays for nanotubes

Carbon, carbon
A Rice University laboratory's cagey strategy turns negatively charged carbon nanotubes into liquid crystals that could enhance the creation of fibers and films Share This See Also Graphene Nanotechnology Organic Chemistry Chemistry Materials Science Nature ... - Read More

Silicone liquid crystal stiffens with repeated compression: Discovery may point toward self-healing materials

Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Silicone, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Silicone, Silicone, Silicone, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal
Squeeze a piece of silicone and it quickly returns to its original shape as squishy as ever But scientists at Rice University have discovered that the liquid crystal phase of silicone becomes 90 percent stiffer ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More
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