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News articles about "Phase"

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Destroying greenhouse gases in environmentally-friendly way

Greenhouse gases, Greenhouse gases
Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I UJI have developed a new catalyst for the activation of carbon fluorine bonds This process has many industrial applications among which stands out the possibility to be used to ... - Read More

Faster and cheaper technique to cool electronic systems developed

A novel cooling system developed by researchers from the National University of Singapore NUS will pave the way for cheaper and more effective thermal control systems The innovative technique can potentially achieve up to 50 ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño?

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Natural products discovery group asks for public's help with citizen science program

Natural products, Public
The University of Oklahoma Natural Products Discovery Group has taken an unconventional approach to finding new compounds with therapeutic relevance by launching a crowdsourcing initiative with citizen scientists from around the country With this approach ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

VIP Treatment for Jet Lag

Released 10 31 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Washington University in St Louis more news from this source Nov 1 2013 A small molecule called VIP known to synchronize time keeping neurons in the ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Physicists provide new insights into coral skeleton formation

Crystals
An international team of scientists led by physicists from the University of York has shed important new light on coral skeleton formation Their investigations carried out at the nanoscale provide valuable new information for scientists ... - Read More

Less toxic metabolites, more chemical product

Chemical product, Chemical product
The first dynamic regulatory system that prevents the build up of toxic metabolites in engineered microbes has been reported by a team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy ... - Read More

Climate change: Fast out of the gate, slow to the finish the gate

Fast
A great deal of research has focused on the amount of global warming resulting from increased greenhouse gas concentrations But there has been relatively little study of the pace of the change following these increases ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Common cosmetic and sunblock ingredient, titanium dioxide, may have potential health risks

ACS
Using a particular type of titanium dioxide a common ingredient in cosmetics food products toothpaste and sunscreen could reduce the potential health risks associated with the widely used compound The report on the substance produced ... - Read More

Probing methane's secrets: From diamonds to Neptune

Neptune
Hydrocarbons from Earth make up the oil and gas that heat our homes and fuel our cars The study of the various phases of molecules formed from carbon and hydrogen under high pressures and temperatures ... - Read More

Molecular mirror images assigned: Safer drugs thanks to a new solution to a 150-year-old chemistry problem?

Solution
Just like gloves molecules come in so called left handed and right handed versions Until now however it could be determined only with great difficulty whether a certain molecule is right handed or left handed ... - Read More
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