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News articles about "Phase"

Salt under pressure is not NaCl

Salt, Pressure
In the very beginning of the school chemistry course we are told of NaCl as an archetypal ionic compound Being less electronegative sodium loses its electron to chlorine which following the octet rule thus acquires ... - Read More

Scientists decode serotonin receptor at room temperature

Serotonin
An international research team has decoded the molecular structure of the medically important serotonin receptor at room temperature for the first time This study reveals the dynamics of the receptor at close to its operating ... - Read More

Nanoscale friction: High energy losses in the vicinity of charge density waves

Friction, Density
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More

Physicists provide answers for predicted behavior in relaxors: Thin films studied used in electronic devices

Thin films, Films
New research at the University of Arkansas shows that behavior can be predicted and understood in thin films made of materials called relaxors which can be used in electronic devices Physicists Sergey Prosandeev and Laurent ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More

How water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule

Molecule, molecule
Scientists from Rice University and the University of Bremen's Center for Marine Environmental Sciences MARUM in Germany have combined cutting edge experimental techniques and computer simulations to find a new way of predicting how water ... - Read More

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Destroying greenhouse gases in environmentally-friendly way

Greenhouse gases, Greenhouse gases
Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I UJI have developed a new catalyst for the activation of carbon fluorine bonds This process has many industrial applications among which stands out the possibility to be used to ... - Read More

Faster and cheaper technique to cool electronic systems developed

A novel cooling system developed by researchers from the National University of Singapore NUS will pave the way for cheaper and more effective thermal control systems The innovative technique can potentially achieve up to 50 ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño?

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Natural products discovery group asks for public's help with citizen science program

Natural products, Public
The University of Oklahoma Natural Products Discovery Group has taken an unconventional approach to finding new compounds with therapeutic relevance by launching a crowdsourcing initiative with citizen scientists from around the country With this approach ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

VIP Treatment for Jet Lag

Released 10 31 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Washington University in St Louis more news from this source Nov 1 2013 A small molecule called VIP known to synchronize time keeping neurons in the ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Physicists provide new insights into coral skeleton formation

Crystals
An international team of scientists led by physicists from the University of York has shed important new light on coral skeleton formation Their investigations carried out at the nanoscale provide valuable new information for scientists ... - Read More
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