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News articles about "Phase"

When things get glassy, molecules go fractal

Colorful church windows beads on a necklace and many of our favorite plastics share something in common they all belong to a state of matter known as glasses School children learn the difference between liquids ... - Read More

Surface modification of titanium dioxide for photocatalytic degradation of hazardous pollutants under ordinary visible light

UiTM researchers have developed a modified photocatalyst which is economical and effective at transforming organic pollutants into harmless end products Photocatalytic degradation is one of the highly effective applications in transforming organic pollutants to harmless ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

New Method Is a Thousand Times More Sensitive to Performance-Enhancing Drugs

especially in the case of stimulants which the body rapidly breaks down Stimulants like amphetamine or “speed ” increase alertness and reduce an athlete’s sense of fatigue The method Armstrong’s lab has pioneered called paired ... - Read More

Innovative solar-powered toilet ready for India unveiling

A revolutionary University of Colorado Boulder toilet fueled by the sun that is being developed to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe and sustainable sanitation will be unveiled in ... - Read More

Atomically thick metal membranes

For the first time researchers have shown that freestanding metal membranes consisting of a single layer of atoms can be stable under ambient conditions This result of an international research team from Germany Poland and ... - Read More

Nanoscale optical switch breaks miniaturization barrier

An ultra fast and ultra small optical switch has been invented that could advance the day when photons replace electrons in the innards of consumer products ranging from cell phones to automobiles The new optical ... - Read More

Mapping behavior of charges in correlated spin-orbit coupled materials: Electronic disruption prods Mott insulator's conversion to metallic state

In a relatively recently discovered class of materials known as spin orbit Mott insulators theorists have predicted the emergence of new properties at points just beyond the insulating state when electronic manipulation can transform these ... - Read More

Four new human-made ozone depleting gases found in the atmosphere

Scientists at the University of East Anglia have identified four new human made gases in the atmosphere all of which are contributing to the destruction of the ozone layer New research published today in the ... - Read More

Magnetically stimulated flow patterns offer strategy for heat transfer problems

Sandia National Laboratories researchers Jim Martin and Kyle Solis have what Martin calls a devil of a problem They've discovered how to harness magnetic fields to create vigorous organized fluid flows in particle suspensions The ... - Read More

Big step for next-generation fuel cells and electrolyzers

A big step in the development of next generation fuel cells and water alkali electrolyzers has been achieved with the discovery of a new class of bimetallic nanocatalysts that are an order of magnitude higher ... - Read More

What makes superalloys super? Hierarchical microstructure of a superalloy

Superalloys
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

Salt under pressure is not NaCl

Salt, Pressure
In the very beginning of the school chemistry course we are told of NaCl as an archetypal ionic compound Being less electronegative sodium loses its electron to chlorine which following the octet rule thus acquires ... - Read More

Scientists decode serotonin receptor at room temperature

Serotonin
An international research team has decoded the molecular structure of the medically important serotonin receptor at room temperature for the first time This study reveals the dynamics of the receptor at close to its operating ... - Read More

Nanoscale friction: High energy losses in the vicinity of charge density waves

Friction, Density
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More

Physicists provide answers for predicted behavior in relaxors: Thin films studied used in electronic devices

Thin films, Films
New research at the University of Arkansas shows that behavior can be predicted and understood in thin films made of materials called relaxors which can be used in electronic devices Physicists Sergey Prosandeev and Laurent ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More

How water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule

Molecule, molecule
Scientists from Rice University and the University of Bremen's Center for Marine Environmental Sciences MARUM in Germany have combined cutting edge experimental techniques and computer simulations to find a new way of predicting how water ... - Read More

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More
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