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News articles about "Phase"

Phonons, arise! Small electric voltage alters conductivity in key materials

Modern research has found no simple inexpensive way to alter a material's thermal conductivity at room temperature That lack of control has made it hard to create new classes of devices that use phonons the ... - Read More

Engineer improves rechargeable batteries with nano 'sandwich'

The key to better cellphones and other rechargeable electronics may be in tiny sandwiches made of nanosheets according to mechanical engineering research from Kansas State University Gurpreet Singh assistant professor of mechanical and nuclear engineering ... - Read More

Engineers purify sea and wastewater in 2.5 minutes

A group of Mexican engineers from the Jhostoblak Corporate created technology to recover and purify either seawater or wastewater from households hotels hospitals commercial and industrial facilities regardless of the content of pollutants and microorganisms ... - Read More

Better method for forecasting hurricane season

A better method for predicting the number of hurricanes in an upcoming season has been developed by a team of University of Arizona atmospheric scientists The UA team's new model improves the accuracy of seasonal ... - Read More

Intelligent neuroprostheses mimic natural motor control

Neuroscientists are taking inspiration from natural motor control to design new prosthetic devices that can better replace limb function In new work researchers have tested a range of brain controlled devices from wheelchairs to robots ... - Read More

Rodeo in liquid crystal: Unprecedented level of control over defects

Scientists have achieved an unprecedented level of control over defects in liquid crystals that can be engineered for applications in liquid matter photonics Sitting with a joystick in the comfort of their chairs scientists can ... - Read More

Virtual vehicle testing: Modeling tires realistically

Manufacturers conduct virtual tests on vehicle designs long before the first car rolls off the assembly line Simulation of the tires has remained a challenge however The software tool CDTire 3D from Fraunhofer researchers now ... - Read More

Magnetic quantum crystals

In experiments with ultracold rubidium atoms MPQ scientists create magnetic quantum crystals made of gigantic Rydberg atoms Materials with a defined crystal structure are a familiar phenomenon in condensed matter physics A crystal exhibits a ... - Read More

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

New form of ice: Square ice filling for a graphene sandwich

Water exists in myriad forms and for poets and scientists alike this structurally simple yet at the same time behaviourally complex molecule never fails to fascinate In our everyday lives we are familiar with water ... - Read More

Squeeze to remove heat: Elastocaloric materials enable more efficient, 'green' cooling

Move over vapor compression cooling technology Emerging elastocaloric refrigeration is potentially much more efficient and unlike vapor compression relies on environmentally friendly refrigerants In elastocaloric materials a change in mechanical stress can create a change ... - Read More

New transitory form of silica observed

A Carnegie led team was able to discover five new forms of silica under extreme pressures at room temperature Their findings are published by Nature Communications Silicon dioxide commonly called silica is one of the ... - Read More

Materials research could unlock potential of lithium-sulfur batteries

Drexel researchers along with colleagues at Aix Marseille University in France have discovered a high performance cathode material with great promise for use in next generation lithium sulfur batteries that could one day be used ... - Read More

Combination therapy best for low-grade brain tumors, clinical trial suggests

New clinical trial findings provide further evidence that combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy is the best treatment for people with a low grade form of brain cancer The findings come from a phase II study ... - Read More

2D nitrogenated crystals new potential rival for graphene

Researchers in South Korea have for the first time developed a simple technique to produce a two dimensional nitrogen containing crystal that has the capacity to be a potential rival to graphene and silicon as ... - Read More

Secrets of surfaces' wrinkling, folding, creasing and delaminating are unraveled

The process of wrinkle formation is familiar to anyone who has ever sat in a bathtub a little too long But exactly why layered materials sometimes form one kind of wrinkly pattern or another or ... - Read More

NASA Ames reproduces the building blocks of life in laboratory

NASA scientists studying the origin of life have reproduced uracil cytosine and thymine three key components of our hereditary material in the laboratory They discovered that an ice sample containing pyrimidine exposed to ultraviolet radiation ... - Read More

Breakthrough in energy harvesting could power 'life on Mars'

Martian colonists could use an innovative new technique to harvest energy from carbon dioxide thanks to research pioneered at Northumbria University Newcastle The technique which has been demonstrated for the first time by researchers at ... - Read More

Mystery solved: Why seashells' mineral forms differently in seawater

For almost a century scientists have been puzzled by a process that is crucial to much of the life in Earth's oceans Why does calcium carbonate the tough material of seashells and corals sometimes take ... - Read More

Himalayan ice shows chemicals ban is working

A unique study of frozen ice cores from the Tibetan Himalayas has shown that international agreements on phasing out the use of toxic persistent organic pollutants are working The research paper in the leading American ... - Read More
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