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News articles about "Phase"

NASA Ames reproduces the building blocks of life in laboratory

NASA scientists studying the origin of life have reproduced uracil cytosine and thymine three key components of our hereditary material in the laboratory They discovered that an ice sample containing pyrimidine exposed to ultraviolet radiation ... - Read More

Breakthrough in energy harvesting could power 'life on Mars'

Martian colonists could use an innovative new technique to harvest energy from carbon dioxide thanks to research pioneered at Northumbria University Newcastle The technique which has been demonstrated for the first time by researchers at ... - Read More

Mystery solved: Why seashells' mineral forms differently in seawater

For almost a century scientists have been puzzled by a process that is crucial to much of the life in Earth's oceans Why does calcium carbonate the tough material of seashells and corals sometimes take ... - Read More

Himalayan ice shows chemicals ban is working

A unique study of frozen ice cores from the Tibetan Himalayas has shown that international agreements on phasing out the use of toxic persistent organic pollutants are working The research paper in the leading American ... - Read More

Scientists bring oxygen back to dead fjord

More and more of the world's waters are seriously lacking oxygen Could we use pumps to bring oxygen and thus higher life back into these waters A Danish Swedish research team says yes They installed ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Draft report analyzes policy options for hydraulic fracturing in Michigan

University of Michigan researchers today released a detailed draft analysis of policy options for hydraulic fracturing the natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking The draft final report of the U M ... - Read More

Extremely repellent surfaces: How tiny pillars affect condensation of vapor onto a surface

A computational technique to analyze how water vapor condenses on a surface patterned with an array of tiny pillars has been co developed by an A*STAR researcher Calculations carried out using this technique reveal that ... - Read More

Cost-effective and efficient rival for platinum

Researchers in Aalto University Finland have succeeded in creating an electrocatalyst that is needed for storing electric energy made of carbon and iron A challenge that comes with the increased use of renewable energy is ... - Read More

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP

The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More

Exotic states materialize with supercomputers

Scientists used supercomputers to find a new class of materials that possess an exotic state of matter known as the quantum spin Hall effect The researchers published their results in the journal Science in December ... - Read More

Global warming doubles risk of extreme La Niña event, research shows

The risk of extreme La Niña events in the Pacific Ocean could double due to global warming new research has shown The projected twofold increase in the frequency of this potentially devastating weather phenomenon across ... - Read More

Fine motor skills for robotic hands

Tying shoelaces stirring coffee writing letters playing the piano From the usual daily routine to demanding activities Our hands are used more frequently than any other body part Through our highly developed fine motor skills ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

Watching protein crystal nucleation in real time

A major hurdle in structural biology and pharmacology is growing crystals to determine the structure of the biomolecules and pharmaceuticals under study Researchers at the University of Tübingen working with colleagues from Oxford and Grenoble ... - Read More

Graphene brings quantum effects to electronic circuits

Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra low temperature 2D materials creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy At the atomic and ... - Read More

Harnessing bacteria to move microscopic gears and ratchets

Computer simulations at OIST suggest new applications in industry by harnessing active microscopic particles in fluids Previous research has already demonstrated that substantial quantities of self motile or active agents such as bacteria in a ... - Read More

Researchers create method that recovers high value metals for industries while protecting the environment

Researchers at the University of Guanajuato UGTO in middle Mexico developed an extraction column which recovers metals companies use in their production processes and thus avoid environmental pollution and lessen economic losses The column operates ... - Read More

Ultrasounds dance the 'moonwalk' in new metamaterial

Metamaterials have extraordinary properties when it comes to diverting and controlling waves especially sound and light for instance they can make an object invisible or increase the resolving power of a lens Now researchers at ... - Read More
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