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News articles about "Petroleum"

Boosting biogasoline production in microbes

In the on going effort to develop advanced biofuels as a clean green and sustainable source of liquid transportation fuels researchers at the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy Institute JBEI have ... - Read More

Clove oil tested for weed control in organic Vidalia sweet onion

Weed control is one of the most challenging aspects of organic crop production Most growers of certified organic crops rely heavily on proven cultural and mechanical weed control methods while limiting the use of approved ... - Read More

Buckyballs and diamondoids in tiny electronic gadget: Two exotic types of carbon form molecule for steering electron flow

Scientists have married two unconventional forms of carbon one shaped like a soccer ball the other a tiny diamond to make a molecule that conducts electricity in only one direction This tiny electronic component known ... - Read More

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens The challenge in creating these wonder materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements Nanoparticles of magnetite ... - Read More

Jet fuel ignition advancement

Researchers from MIPT Viktor Zhukov Vladislav Sechenov and Andrei Starikovsky have published experimental data on the combustion of jet fuel in the journal Fuel The results of their research are important for simulating processes in ... - Read More

Decoding the role of water in gold nanocatalysis: Secrets behind gold's unexpected oxidation activity uncovered

Researchers from the University of Houston and Trinity University have for the first time provided direct evidence of a water mediated reaction mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide The work used gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Gasification of oil palm biomass to produce clean producer gas for heat, power generation

This technology can simultaneously remove impurities and produce clean gas for heat and power generation from waste biomass The process of burning fossil fuels such as petroleum coal and natural gas releases huge amounts of ... - Read More

The power of salt: Power generation from where river water and seawater meet

Where the river meets the sea there is the potential to harness a significant amount of renewable energy according to a team of mechanical engineers at MIT The researchers evaluated an emerging method of power ... - Read More

Breaking benzene selectively, at relatively mild temperatures

Aromatic compounds are found widely in natural resources such as petroleum and biomass and breaking the carbon carbon bonds in these compounds plays an important role in the production of fuels and valuable chemicals from ... - Read More

Water Leads to Chemical That Gunks Up Biofuels Production

Released 20 Aug 2014 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Pacific Northwest National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Journal of the American Chemical SocietyAug 21 2014 ... - Read More

Dream come true for chemists? Creating organic zeolites

Yushan Yan Distinguished Professor of Engineering at the University of Delaware is known for using nanomaterials to solve problems in energy engineering environmental sustainability and electronics His early academic work focused on zeolites porous rock ... - Read More

Microbes engineered for direct conversion of biomass to fuel

The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass a sustainable carbon neutral route to American energy independence has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process New research from the University ... - Read More

Better catalysts for petrochemical industry

Zeolites are among the substances which can accelerate chemical reactions they are known as catalysts Usually applied in pellet form the industrial production of gasoline from crude oil without zeolites is today inconceivable The chemical ... - Read More

Catalytic upgrade: Better and cheaper renewable biofuels

New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

New fluorescent hybrid material changes color according to direction of light

The UPV EHU's Molecular Spectroscopy Group in collaboration with the Institute of Catalysis and Petroleum Chemistry of the CSIC Spanish National Research Council has developed a highly fluorescent hybrid material that changes colour depending on ... - Read More

New biotechnology product to make waterproof paper using natural enzymes

Oriol Cusola a 29 year old researcher from Lleida has patented a new aqueous compound to functionalise or modify the properties of paper and any other cellulosic material The compound uses natural enzymes instead of ... - Read More

Novel membrane reveals water molecules will bounce off a liquid surface

Consider the nearest water surface a half full glass on your desk a puddle outside your window or a lake across town All of these surfaces represent liquid vapor interfaces where liquid meets air Molecules ... - Read More

Turning raw natural gas into upgraded liquid alcohol fuel

America's current energy boom may take a new direction thanks to the discovery of a new way to turn raw natural gas into upgraded liquid alcohol fuel In the March 14 issue of Science magazine ... - Read More

Effective thermal insulation with wood foam

Insulation materials of tomorrow must be both efficient and environmentally friendly Fraunhofer scientists are developing insulation foam made from wood that could re place petrochemical plastics in the long term Climate protection is now a ... - Read More
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