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News articles about "Organic"

New discoveries show biological formation of oxygen in soils

Oxygen , biological
In the 1930s the ability of green plants to form oxygen through oxidation of water photosynthesis was discovered Since then no other large scale biological formation of oxygen has been found until now New research ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More

Understanding the functioning of a new type of solar cell

Photovoltaic energy conversion offers one of the best means for the future of renewable energy in the world The efficiency of solar cells depends heavily upon the light absorbing materials they use Photovoltaic systems based ... - Read More

Turkeys inspire smartphone-capable early warning system for toxins

System
Some may think of turkeys as good for just lunch meat and holiday meals But bioengineers at the University of California Berkeley saw inspiration in the big birds for a new type of biosensor that ... - Read More

A 21st Century Adaptation of the Miller-Urey Origin of Life Experiments

and the Tokyo Institute of Technology were also involved “Miller was hesitant to encourage people to repeat the experiment due to the risk of inducing an explosion ” said Parker explaining why his lab chose ... - Read More

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More

Lab-on-a-chip realizes potential

Lab-on-a-chip
A portable instrument that replaces a full size laboratory provides accurate multi element analysis in less than a minute Engineers from the A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering and colleagues at the University of ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide tamed: Making this ubiquitous gas industrially useful

Using a copper catalyst to unite carbon dioxide with organic molecules under mild conditions could make this ubiquitous gas industrially useful Carbon dioxide has become notorious as a troublesome greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil ... - Read More

Soil microbes alter DNA in response to warming

As scientists forecast the impacts of climate change one missing piece of the puzzle is what will happen to the carbon in the soil and the microbes that control the fate of this carbon as ... - Read More

'Standing on a comet': Rosetta mission will contribute to space weather research

A comet bound spacecraft that's been in sleep mode for more than two years is scheduled to wake up on the morning of Jan 20 beginning the home stretch of its decade long journey to ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube sponge shows improved water clean-up

A carbon nanotube sponge capable of soaking up water contaminants such as fertilisers pesticides and pharmaceuticals more than three times more efficiently than previous efforts has been presented in a new study published today The ... - Read More

Scientists discover new pathway for artificial photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities for chemists Currently ... - Read More

Two-proton bit controlled by a single copper atom

Proton, Atom, Atom, Proton, Atom, Proton
Just a single foreign atom located in the vicinity of a molecule can change spatial arrangement of its atoms In a spectacular experiment an international team of researchers was able to change persistently positions of ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles help to develop a new method for tracking viruses

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
Researchers at the Nanoscience Center NSC of University of Jyväskylä in Finland have developed a novel method to study enterovirus structures and their functions The method will help to obtain new information on trafficking of ... - Read More

Understanding secondary light emission by plasmonic nanostructures may improve medical imaging

Light emission, Nanostructures, Medical
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors in vivo imaging agents and for photothermal therapeutics explained David G Cahill a Willett Professor and head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering ... - Read More

Symbiotic fungi inhabiting plant roots have major impact on atmospheric carbon, scientists say

Fungi, Atmospheric
Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

Ahoy! First ocean vesicles spotted

Ocean, Ocean
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More

Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy

Battery, Renewable energy, Renewable
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid making power from renewable energy sources such as wind ... - Read More

Engineers make world's fastest organic transistor, herald new generation of see-through electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Teams from Stanford and the University of Nebraska Lincoln collaborate to make thin transparent semiconductors that could become the foundation for cheap high performance displays Two university research teams have worked together to produce the ... - Read More
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