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News articles about "Organic"

Solving an organic semiconductor mystery

Organic semiconductors are prized for light emitting diodes LEDs field effect transistors FETs and photovoltaic cells As they can be printed from solution they provide a highly scalable cost effective alternative to silicon based devices ... - Read More

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

Nearly half the systems crucial to stability of planet compromised

Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More

Improved solar panels and printed electronics on the horizon with new material discovery

Published today in Nature Communications University of Melbourne researchers say their discovery of the highly sought after 'nematic liquid crystals' can now lead to vastly improved organic solar cell performance Lead author Dr David Jones ... - Read More

Novel inorganic material emitting laser light in solution discovered

The work published in Nature Communications demonstrates that the new material presents efficient and degradation resistant laser emission in the blue a spectral region of interest in applications such as spectroscopy or materials processing among ... - Read More

Chemists show proof of concept for new method of accelerating drug discovery research

Chemists have made a significant advancement to directly functionalize C H bonds in natural products by selectively installing new carbon carbon bonds into highly complex alkaloids and nitrogen containing drug molecules C H functionalization is ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

New catalyst process uses light, not metal, for rapid polymerization

A team of chemistry and materials science experts from University of California Santa Barbara and The Dow Chemical Company has created a novel way to overcome one of the major hurdles preventing the widespread use ... - Read More

Solar cell polymers with multiplied electrical output

One challenge in improving the efficiency of solar cells is that some of the absorbed light energy is lost as heat So scientists have been looking to design materials that can convert more of that ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Regional patterns of soot, dirt on North American snow discovered

Snow is not as white as it looks Mixed in with the reflective flakes are tiny dark particles of pollution University of Washington scientists recently published the first large scale survey of impurities in North ... - Read More

Cheap asphalt provides 'green' carbon capture

The best material to keep carbon dioxide from natural gas wells from fouling the atmosphere may be a derivative of asphalt according to Rice University scientists The Rice laboratory of chemist James Tour followed up ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More

Researchers create method that recovers high value metals for industries while protecting the environment

Researchers at the University of Guanajuato UGTO in middle Mexico developed an extraction column which recovers metals companies use in their production processes and thus avoid environmental pollution and lessen economic losses The column operates ... - Read More

Gift-wrapped gas molecules

A group of scientists led by researchers at the Université de Versailles' Institut Lavoisier in France has worked out how to stably gift wrap a chemical gas known as nitric oxide within metal organic frameworks ... - Read More

What 'fecal prints' of microbes can tell us about Earth's evolution

Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More

Study fuels hope for natural gas cars: Metal organic framework candidates for methane storage identified

Cars that run on natural gas are touted as efficient and environmentally friendly but getting enough gas onboard to make them practical is a hurdle A new study led by researchers at Rice University promises ... - Read More
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