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News articles about "Oceans"

Optimism about meeting 'Grand Challenge' of global prosperity

With ecological viability threatened world resources draining population burgeoning and despair running rampant the end is nigh Or not says Lawrence M Cathles Cornell professor of earth and atmospheric sciences In spite of our apparent ... - Read More

Earth's history to be rewritten: Oxygen appeared 700 million years earlier than previously thought

Until now science has believed that oxygen in Earth's atmosphere has been around for roughly 2.3 billion years or roughly half way back along our planet's 4.6 billion year timeline However new research results provide ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Unexpected interaction between ocean currents and bacteria may weaken ocean's ability to absorb carbon dioxide

Ocean, Ocean
For the first time researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean This takes place ... - Read More

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide nitrogen and phosphorus Plankton plays an important role in the ocean's carbon cycle by removing ... - Read More

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More

Ocean fish acquire more mercury at depth

fish, Mercury
Mercury a common industrial toxin is carried through the atmosphere before settling on the ocean and entering the marine food web Now exciting new research from the University of Michigan and the University of Hawai'i ... - Read More

Simple mix of rock and organic waste is powerful fertilizer

Fertilizer
Food and biofuel crops could be grown and maintained in many places where it wasn't previously possible such as deserts landfills and former mining sites thanks to an inexpensive non chemical soil additive The additive ... - Read More

New insights into the polymer mystique for conducting charges

For most of us a modern lifestyle without polymers is unthinkable…if only we knew what they were The ordinary hardware store terms we use for them include plastics polyethylene epoxy resins paints adhesives rubber without ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Rocks can restore our climate ... after 300,000 years

A study of a global warming event that happened 93 million years ago suggests that the Earth can recover from high carbon dioxide emissions faster than thought but that this process takes around 300 000 ... - Read More

Deciphering the air-sea communication: Ocean significantly affects long-term climate fluctuations

Fluctuations, Communication, sea
Why does hurricane activity vary from decade to decade Or rainfall in the Sahel region And why are the trans Atlantic changes frequently in sync A German Russian research team has investigated the role of ... - Read More

First atlas on oceanic plankton

Ocean, organisms, Ocean, organisms
In an international collaborative project scientists have recorded the times places and concentrations of oceanic plankton occurrences worldwide Their data has been collected in a global atlas that covers organisms from bacteria to krill Oceans ... - Read More

Scientists discover new variability in iron supply to the oceans with climate implications

Oceans
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed with implications for future climate prediction Iron is key to the removal of ... - Read More

First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world

marine, Marine
Under the microscope they look like they could be from another planet but these microscopic organisms inhabit the depths of our oceans in nearly infinite numbers To begin to identify where when and how much ... - Read More

In the zone: How scientists search for habitable planets

Planets
There is only one planet we know of so far that is drenched with life That planet is Earth as you may have guessed and it has all the right conditions for critters to thrive ... - Read More

Compound Discovered at Sea Shows Potency against Anthrax

Released 7 17 2013 4 35 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of California San Diego more news from this source Jul 18 2013 A team led by William Fenical at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

Researchers warn of legacy mercury in the environment

Environment, Mercury
Environmental researchers at Harvard University have published evidence that significant reductions in mercury emissions will be necessary just to stabilize current levels of the toxic element in the environment So much mercury persists in surface ... - Read More
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