Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More
For decades climate scientists have tried to explain why ice age cycles became longer and more intense about 900 000 years ago switching from 41 000 year cycles to 100 000 year cycles In a ... - Read More
Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 6 29 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of California San Diego Health Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in ... - Read More
Understanding how clouds affect the climate has been a difficult proposition What controls the makeup of the low clouds that cool the atmosphere or the high ones that trap heat underneath How does human activity ... - Read More
Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More
Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More
The paleoclimate record for the last ice age a time 21 000 years ago called the Last Glacial Maximum LGM tells of a cold Earth whose northern continents were covered by vast ice sheets Chemical ... - Read More
Soils that formed on Earth's surface thousands of years ago and that are now deeply buried features of vanished landscapes have been found to be rich in carbon adding a new dimension to our planet's ... - Read More
A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More
The largest metagenomic search for antibiotic resistance genes in the DNA sequences of microbial communities from around the globe has found that bacteria carrying those vexing genes turn up everywhere in nature that scientists look ... - Read More
More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More
A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More
The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More
It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More
Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More
Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More
The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More
An international team of researchers analyzed the available data taken from all previous studies of the Southern Ocean together with satellite images taken of the area to quantify the amount of iron supplied to the ... - Read More
Norwegian researchers in Trondheim have achieved surprising results by exploiting nature's own ability to clean up after oil spills Scientists know that marine bacteria can assist in cleaning up after oil spills What is surprising ... - Read More
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